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2009 / 5

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2009

NATURE

General problems of nature management

NATURAL RESOURCES AS THE PART OF THE NATIONAL WEALTH OF RUSSIA

V. I. Kashin, Academician, the Russian Academy of Agriculture Sciences (RAAS), prof., the deputy of the Gosudarstvennay Duma (State Parliament)

Еmail: kashin@duma.gov.ru

In article the structure of natural resources potential of the Russian Federation, its place in social and economic development of the country is considered. The role of mineral resources is thus most in detail analyzed. From macroeconomic positions use and renewal (restoration) of natural resources in modern Russia is subjected the developed research. Critical remarks are stated, concrete directions of an exit from the developed negative situation are formulated.

Keywords: national wealth, natural resources, mineral resources, mining, geological (prospecting) works, deprivatization.

Mineral Recourses

SAFETY OF DELIVERIES AND CORRESPONDING INVESTMENTS

A. B. Miller, Cand. Sc. (Economy), the Chairman, the Vicepresident of the Board of Directors, Gazprom Open Joint Stock Company

Email: gazprom@gazprom.ru

The report of the Chairman (Gazprom Company) on XXIV World Gas Congress which has taken place on October, 59th, 2009 in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

Keywords: gas production, transportation of gas, gas field, investments.

Water Resources

CONDITION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE WATER ECONOMIC COMPLEX OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

V. V. Borisov, Deputy Director, D. M. Kirillov, the Director, S. S. Koskin, Deputy Director, the Department of State Policy and Adjusting in aria of Water Resources and Safety of Hidrotechnical Structure, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Protection of the Environment, Russian Federation, V. A. Omeljanenko, the honorable worker of a water management

Email: borisov@mnr.gov.ru

In article the condition of a water economic complex of the Russian Federation is considered, the comparative analysis of waterretaining capacity of gross domestic product (GDP) in our country with foreign analogues is given. The basic problems proving necessity of acceptance of Water Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020 are investigated.

Keywords: water resources, water objects, water consumption, hydraulic engineering constructions, water economic complex, monitoring of water objects, negative influence of waters.

Land Resources

MODERN TECHNOLOGIES AND NEW RESULTS OF LAND MONITORING OF THE MEGACITY

A. P. Sizov, Dr. Sc. (Engin.), adviser, the Department of Land Resources, Moscow, A. V. Smelov, chief of the board, the state unitary enterprise «Mosgorgeotrest»,M. J. Voronin, chief of the sector, the state unitary enterprise «Mosgorgeotrest»

Email: ap_sizov@mail.ru

The works of land monitoring had spent in Moscow using space shooting (20032008). Every year it is built up 1,5±0,3% of city territories with buildings and constructions, from 0,25% to 0,65% of city lands are broken. The same amount of lands is improved and less than 0,15% are liberated. Soon in Moscow it is predicted the exhaustion of new building.

Keywords: the city lands, land monitoring, distant survey, type of land use, dynamics of land use, building of the land, liberation of the land, infringement (broken) lands, accomplishment of lands.

RATIONAL USE OF LAND RESOURCES OF THE FAR EAST FOR REPLACEMENT GM SOYBEAN FROM THE RUSSIAN MARKET

V. A. Dolginova, the postgraduate student, the Faculty of Soil Science, The Moscow State University

Email: dolginova@land.ru

In this article reviews the world and Russian tendencies of soybean production, making the contrastive analysis of soybean yield and amounts of its using. Also describes the economically sound alternative technology cultivation in the Far East region, which provide increasing the level of soybean yield per hectare. To this effect it is necessary to apply extra phosphorus nutrition for soyeans in second part of vegetation.

Keywords: increase of productivity of a soybean, food safety, soybean production in the Far East, GMsoybean, agricultural market, regional technologies of rational use of resources.

Forest Resources

ABOUT THE PROPERTY ON THE WOOD PREPARED (CUTTING) IN THE STATE FORESTS

A. I. Pisarenko, Academician, the Russian Academy of Agriculture Sciences (RAAS),

V. V. Strahov, Dr. Sc. (Agricul.), A .A. Krajnev, Cand. Sc. (Economy)

Email: strakhov48@mail.ru

In to become considered some problems which arisen last years before a forestry and have become aggravated in the conditions of an economic crisis. One of the basic questions is definitions of a pattern of ownership and the proprietor in relation to forest resources and the prepared (cutting) wood at various stages forest activity (forestry) and use of forest resources, including wood preparation (cutting). The developed analysis of positions of the forest legislation of the country is given; specific proposals are formulated.

Keywords: forest resources, forestry, the forestry legislation, proprietors of forest resources and wood, the state account of wood resources and wood preparation, the registration documentation

THE MIDDLE TAIGA PLANT COVER STRUCTURE CHANGES OF THE RUSSIA EUROPEAN NORTH REGIONS IN THE XX CENTURE END

G. M. Chernogaeva, Prof. Dr. Sc. (Geogr.), Deputy Director, A. P. Bezdelova, A. E. Kuhta, Cand. Sc. (Biology) – the Chief of postgraduate study, Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, the Federal Service of the Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: gmch@igce.ru

Due to significant anthropogenic basic vegetation violation the plant cover changes can be clearly seen on the macro relief level, where the associations form full ecological ranges from basin divide to river valley. The plant society structure reflects the vegetation tolerance to anthropogenic effects and global climate changes.

Keywords: forest of the European north of Russia, secondary forest, landscape researches, tree species, kinds of forest.

Water biological resources

DEVELOPMENT OF AQUACULTURE IN RUSSIA AND CORRECTION OF IMPORT DUTIES ON THE EQUIPMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL FISHING

Ju. A. Bobylov., Cand. Sc. (Economy), the expert of a foreign trade policy in fishing

Email: msk_2008@mail.ru

This article includes the data about world development of fishery and fish culture, fishing cited hardware in the field of commodity fishing. There is no manufacturing in Russia of many kinds of the specialized equipment. It is necessary to expansive of its import and corrections of import duties.

Keywords: world fishing, aquaculture, fish culture in Russia, industrial technologies, equipment import, customs duties, protectionism.

Recreational resources

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF THE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL COMPARISONS OF ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES

A. D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), National Information Agency «Natural Resources»

Email: a.dumnov@mail.ru

In article some problems of objective comparison of the statistical information characterizing especially protected natural territories on the world countries are considered. Statistical in these area and information in the other publications are subjected corresponding analysis. The comparative data received by the author is cited. There are considered problems of correct interpretation of total data and also practical use of results of the international comparisons.

Keywords: especially protected natural territories, the international statistical comparisons, incomparability of the data, methodology harmonization, natural and cost indexes.

Geodesy and cartography

MODERN GEOINFORMATICS IN SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE GEODESY AND THE CARTOGRAPHY ORGANIZED ON THE CANON (LAW) OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY

E. A. Zhalkovsky, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: e.jalkovsky@gcras.ru

The offered material reflects gnoseological sight at origin, genesis, a current situation and prospects of development of a geodesy as sciences from philosophical and historical positions. Communication of the given science in the general system of knowledge, including from positions Aristotel categories and later groupings is considered. Historical aspects are in detail stated; examples of the most significant geodesic workings out, including in the Middle Ages, are resulted. The major problems of a modern geodesy and cartography are simultaneously in detail opened, the primary goals and directions of researches are formulated.

Keywords: natural philosophy (physiophilosophy), scientific knowledge, scientific categories, a geodesy as a science, a geodesic and cartographical historiography, modern geodetic researches, geosatellite technology.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

International cooperation

THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF GAME BIOLOGISTS CONGRESS

V. G. Safonov, Corresponding Member, the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS), chief researcher, the Scientific Research Institute of the Hunting Economy and Fur farming, Kirov

Email: safonov.vniioz@mail.ru

Regional Events

TRANSFORMATIONS OF AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX IN THE ALTAI TERRITORY IN POSTSOVIET PERIOD

B.N. Luzgin, Prof .Dr. Sc., Geographical Faculty of the Altay State University, Barnaul

Email: luzgin@geo.asu.ru

Character of agricultural lands infrastructural changes in the Altay Territory for last 20 years during various reforming of plant growing and livestock farming are revealed and analyzed. A substantiated conclusion about necessity of long, regular “draft” work on normalization of an effective agricultural production in the region is made.

Keywords: dynamics of change of an agricultural production, restructure of farmlands, cattlebreeding problems, the condition of ecosystems, alternative and integration management (use) of natural resources.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS NEOINFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA

P. I. Munin, Cand. Sc. (Engin.), Moscow State Academy of Business Administration,

I. A. Sosunova, Dr. Sc. (Sociol.), Deputy Rector, International Independent University of Environmental and Political Sciences

Email: sosunova@mnepu.ru

The article is devoted to the issues of sustainable development as neoinformational phenomena in contemporary society and its coherence with demographical foundations of society. The definition “neobit” which is necessary for the institualization of ecosociology is introduced here. The relevant estimations are presented.

Keywords: sustainable development, neoinformation phenomena, demography, ecosociology, neobit.

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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