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2009 / 4

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2009

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

ABOUT HISTORICAL DESTINY OF RUSSIA

(Continuation. The beginning in bulletin № 3, 2009)

N.N. Lukyanchikov, Prof. – Dc. Sc. (Econоmy), Academician (Russian Academy of NaturalScience, RAEN)

Еmail: ecos@viems.ru

In the article there is expounded new ideology of development in the modern world, founded on the noosfer ways of development. New role of Russia in this development and increasing fight for raw mineralmaterial, water, biological and other resources are taking into account.

Keywords: planetary idea, noosfer development, natural resources, fight for resources, ekosistem method of management.

ABOUT ACTIVITY ROSPRIRODNADZOR ON IMPROVEMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL SITUATION IN REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

V.V. Kirillov, the Head of Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service (Rosprirodnadzor)

The report of the Head of Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service about problems of activity of territorial bodies on improvement of an ecological situation, to the prevention and elimination of ecological harm to environment in regions of the Russian Federation is presented.

Keywords: an ecological situation, Rosprirodnadzor, supervision of natural resources sphere, the state ecological control, the geological control and protection of mineral resources, the sea control, the control in sphere of the reference with wastes, the state soil control, the federal state control over use and protection of water objects.

Mineral Recourses

THE NEW CENTERS OF RAW MAINTENANCE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH

V.P. Orlov, the Chairman of Committee of the Federation Council on Natural Resources and Preservation of the Environment, Federal Session of Russian Federation (Parliament of Russia), President of the Russian Geological Society

Email: VPOrlov@council.gov.ru

It is considered 11 new large raw (mineral) interregional centres which development is a necessary condition of output maintenance and raw maintenance as a basis of economic growth of Russia.

Keywords: raw (mineral) complex, raw maintenance, extraction, firm minerals, hydrocarbonic raw materials (minerals), geological (prospecting) works

Water Resources

THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ADVANTAGES OF THE VOLGADON SECOND BRANCH WATERWAY

V.A.Krivoshey, Doctor of Science (Engin.), the President of Scientific and Technological Centre «WATER and PEOPLE: the XXI century»

Email: VILXXI@yandex.ru

In work the analysis of a problem of liquidation of transportation restrictions from Caspian basin to Azov SeaBlack Sea basin by building of channels "Eurasia" or VolgoDon2 is presented. Interest to this problem does not die away some years not only in Russian Federation.

Keywords: the channel, a waterway, sluice, water resources, ecology, economic efficiency.

Land Resources

THE RUSSIAN MARKET OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS AND PROTECTION FRAMES OF PLANTS

Dolginova V. A, the postgraduate student, Faculty of Soil Science, Moscow State University

Email: dolginova@land.ru

The article is about transformations of Russian agrochemical market and fluctuations of its productions delivery to domestic market. Describes a very arduous situation in agriculture which became to be problematical after beginning to use in our country the principles market economy. As a result the government had reduced the agrarian sector financing and landowners lost the possibility to buy the sufficient amounts of fertilizers.

Keywords: production of fertilizers, Russian sources of mineralraw materials, using of fertilizers and crop protection, public regulation of Russian internal market.

Forest Resources

ABOUT MEASURES ON FOREST CONSERVATION FROM FIRES AND TO REPRODUCTION OF WOODS

A.I.Savinov, the Head of Federal Forestry Agency (Rosleshoz)

Еmail: lesinfor@aha.ru

The report of A. I. Savinov, the Head of Federal Forestry Agency, of at selector meeting «About measures on forest conservation from fires and to reproduction of woods» in National control centre in crisis situations was spent on June, 24th by the First Deputy of the Chairman of the Government of Russia V. A. Zubkov is presented. Results of works of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation for the spring period are also summed up.

Keywords: forest fires, forest conservation, reproduction of woods, the prevention of forest fires, liquidation of forest fires, fireprevention actions.

Biological Resources of a Land

GAME MANAGEMENT IN RUSSIA AND ECOLOGICAL PARADIGM

(Continuation. The beginning in bulletin № 3, 2009)

Dezhkin V.V., Prof. Doctor of Science (Biology), leading researcher;

V. G. Safonov, Corresponding Member of the RAAS, chief researcher, Russian Research Institute of Game Management and Fur Farming, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS)

Еmail: safonov.vniioz@mail.ru

The lack of an officially accepted concept of game management development in Russia under conditions of market economy delays the adoption of the Law on Hunting and Game Management during a long period of time, and causes a number of significant mistakes and errors in an administrative regulation of this branch. The necessity of focusing mainly on the ecosystem approach as a base matrix of game management development both in the form of intensive hunting grounds and in the form of traditional nature management within vast territories intended for a global ecological balance conservation is substantiated in this paper.

Keywords: hunting, ecological paradigm, integrated environmental management, biological resources, natural capital, economics of hunting, game management, ecosystem.

Water Biological Resources

RESULTS OF WORK OF THE FEDERAL AGENCY FOR FISHING IN 2008 AND TARGETS FOR 2009

(Continuation. The beginning in bulletin № 3, 2009)

A.A.Krainiy, the Head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries (Rosrybolovstvo)

Email: harbour@fishcom.ru

There is the Report of A. A. Krainiy, the Head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries (Rosrybolovstvo), at the meeting of the Collegia, about results of the Agency work in 2008 and priorities for 2009.

Keywords: water biological activities, fisheries, fisheries complex, fish products.

Climatic Resources

ABOUT RECURRENCE OF NATURAL PROCESSES

V. M. Vildyaev, Cand. Sc. (Geology), O. Y. Logunov, the Vladimir State University

Email: logunov_oleg@mail.ru

Some weather and hydrological events are characterized by cyclic recurrence. It is largely conditioned on cycles of solar activity influencing on a state of lower atmospheric layers, a forming of atmospheric vortexes and anticyclones. Analysis of the facts of solar activity (Wolf number), recurrence of floods, cycles of lowflow periods, recurrence of droughts indicates an existence of the solar activity’s predominantly tenyear cycle and tendency to recurrence of weather events at certain periods of seasons in 10 years and at the most similar recurrence of anomalous divergence in 30 years bounded up with solar activity’s tenyear cycle.

Keywords: atmospheric vortex, anticyclone, water level, drought, climate, shortage of water, precipitation, flood, recurrence, river runoff, solar activity, sunspots, air temperature, cycle

Recreational Resources

STRATEGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF SPNT SYSTEME IN THE MIDDLE VOLGA REGION (ON AN EXAMPLE OF ULYANOVSK AREA)

E.A.Artemyeva, Doctor of Science (Biology), Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University,

M.A.Korolkov, the methodist, the Regional Children's Ecological Centre, the assistant of chair of zoology, Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University

Email: hart5590@gmail.com

The results of relict steppes and foreststeppes researching are represented in the floristic and faunistic variety. There revealed new, rare and disappearing species, which are recommended to the including into the Red Data Books of Russia and Ulyanovsk area; speciesmarkers of cenoses; SPNT (Special Protected Natural Territories) are represented too. The floristic and faunistic variety of regions been under the strong anthropogenic pressure are especially interesting to be observed.

Keywords: biodiversity, biota, floristic and faunistic variety, cenoses, monitoring, Special Protected Natural Territories, Red Data Books of Russia.

Environment Protection

MODERNIZATION OF SYSTEM OF GATHERING, NEUTRALIZATION AND CLEARING OF THE FILTRATE ON THE EXAMPLE OF RANGE ON THE DUMPING OF SOLID HOUSEHOLD WASTES «KHMET’EVO»

O. S. Bryukhovetsky, the Prof. – Doctor of. Science (Engin.), the Deputy Rector on scientific work, Russian State Prospecting University

V. V. Lopatin, the postgraduate student, Russian State Prospecting University,

V. A. Lopatina, the student, Russian State Social University,

V. S. Kharchenko, the student, Russian Economic Academy

Email: lopatinVVl@mail.ru

According to the international norms and requirements in circulation with solid household wastes (SHW), ranges on time accommodation (till 12 years) or on the dumping SHW on a constant basis should be equipped by modern systems of clearing constructions. In work as authors general characteristics of existing systems of processing and processing of a filtrate on an example of range SHW «Khmet’evo» are shown in comparison (not on all ranges SHW they are) and general characteristics of ffers on their modernization with a view of maintenance of minimization of influence of toxic waters on an environment.

Keywords: a filtrate, impervious screen, sewage lift station, reactant treatment, oxidation microbiocenosis, electrocoagulation, an electrostatic dipole, a geolattice, a geomembrane.

ABOUT METHODOLOGICAL IMPERFECTION OF MODERN SYSTEM OF THE REGULATION OF THE RADIATING FACTOR

I.S.Makarova, Cand. Sc. (Biology), the director, Center of Scientific Programs, International Independent University of Environmental and Political Sciences

Email: makarova.cnp@mnepu.ru

Problems of working out of effective norms of radiating protection of wildlife (wild nature) are considered. Such norms which consider necessity of protection against radiation not «the average person», and the most sensitive groups in population are offered.

Keywords: norms of radioactive pollution, radiating safety, an irradiation dose, norm, rationing, radiating protection.

Geodesy and Cartography

ISSUE OF THE FOURTH VOLUME «HISTORY. CULTURE» THE NATIONAL ATLAS OF RUSSIA

A.N.Krayuhin, General director, PCO "Cartography",Chairman of the Council of editors (Redsovet), the National Atlas of Russia, G.V.Pozdnjak, editorinchief, PCO "Cartography", Vicechairman of the Council of editors (Redsovet), the National Atlas of Russia

Email: info@atkar.ru

The short characteristic of last (Fourth) volume «History. Culture» the National Atlas of Russia – the official state edition which are a national information resource of the state – is presented. The volume contains about 500 p. of cards; the text and illustrative material are grouped in two sections – "History", consisting of 14 subsections and "Culture", consisting of two subsections («Cultural and natural heritage» and «Modern culture»).

Keywords: the National Atlas, cards, history, the existential information, a cultural and natural heritage.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

International Cooperation

THE DECLARATION OF LEADERS OF THE FORUM OF LEADING ECONOMY ON POWER AND THE CLIMATE

Acvila (Italy), July, 9th, 2009

On July, 810th in Acvila (Italy) has taken place a meeting of heads of the states and governments «Group of Eight». There are the declaration that has taken place on termination the G8 summit session with participation of leaders of a forum of leading economy on power and a climate.

Regional Events

GENERAL ECOLOGICAL FORMATION, AS THE PART OF NATIONAL IDEA: THE CHELYABINSK EXPERIENCE

S.N.Malyshev, Chief of the Department, Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service (Rosprirodnadzor) on the Chelyabinsk area,

N.T.Sheremet, chief of informationanalytical board of the Department

Email: ecol@chel.surnet.ru

Performance at the AllRussia scientificallypractical conference «Ecology in the higher school: science and education synthesis» (30.03.2009, Chelyabinsk). The experience of the Department on the Chelyabinsk area, Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service, (Rosprirodnadzor), in sphere of general ecological formation (education) and formation of ecological culture among the population, improvement of an ecological condition of territory of area is presented.

Keywords: general ecological formation (education), ecological thinking and education, ecology in the higher school, nature protection activity.

Human Society and Nature

ABOUT THE PROBLEM OF THE QUALITY OF POTABLE (DRINKING) WATER

D.A.Boriskin, the leading researcher, NIA-Priroda

Email: nia@priroda.ru

The analysis and comparison of results of interrogations of the leading sociological centers and first of all Fund of the public opinion, devoted to a problem of quality of potable (drincking) water, with the materials of state statistics given by Rospotrebnadzor are carried out.

Keywords: quality of water, potable (drinking) water, water supply, sociological interrogation, the population, the respondent, sources of drinking water supply.

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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