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2009 / 3

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2009

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

ABOUT HISTORICAL DESTINY OF RUSSIA

N.N. Lukyanchikov, Prof. – Dc. Sc. (Econоmy), Academician (Russian Academy of Natural Science, RAEN)

Еmail: ecos@viems.ru

In the article there is expounded new ideology of development in the modern world, founded on the noosfer ways of development. New role of Russia in this development and increasing fight for raw mineralmaterial, water, biological and other resources are taking into account.

Keywords: planetary idea, noosfer development, natural resources, fight for resources, ekosistem method of management.

Mineral Recourses

SYSTEMATIC PROBLEMS OF THE RUSSIAN GEOLOGICAL SERVICE

L. V. Oganesyan, Prof. Doctor of Science (Geology), VicePresident, ROSGEO

Email: oganesian@alliancegr.com

The Article is a text of report made on VI AllRussian Congress of Geologists (Moscow, 2729 October 2008). The adaptation process of the Russian Geological Service for the market conditions from 2001 was switched for destruction for the sake of achievement of tactical indicators of a state sector minimization in geological industry. Negative processes have led to a systematical crisis, which is to close to the point of no return and in some areas – already behind it. Practically destroyed system of geological service could be reconstructed only by systematical measures with a longterm implementation period targeted for a perspective.

Keywords: Geological Service, geological studies of subsurface, reproduction of mineral resources base, legislative base, management.

Water Resources

WATERRETAINING CAPACITY OF ECONOMIC OF RUSSIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES: WHAT’S REALITY?

A.D. Dumnov, Doctor of Science (Economy), National Information Agency «Natural Resources»

Email: nia@priroda.ru

In article the criticism of some date given official bodies and concerning comparisons nature resources (water resources) use the Russian economy with other countries contains. The short methodology of corresponding calculations, which are based on enough reliable and responsible sources, is simultaneously resulted. Also there are some statistical and analytical information.

Keywords: gross domestic product (GDP), fresh water withdrawal per GDP unit, international comparisons of GDP and water withdrawal.

ABOUT ACTUAL ROLE OF LAKE BAIKAL IN WORLD BALANCE OF FRESH WATER

O.P.Ivanov, Prof. Doctor of Science (Geology). Siberian Academy of State Administration

Email: kafregeconom@sapa.nsk.su

The article shows the fallacy of widespread perception that in Lake Baikal is concentrated 20% of the world’s fresh water or 90% of Russian fresh water. In fact, the share of Lake accounts for about 20% water, only the freshwater lakes in the world, or 90% of fresh water lakes in Russia. As for the overall world’s freshwater supply, which in all groups of aquatic resources, they are estimated at more than 420 thousand km3, and the share of Lake Baikal from this amount is less than 5.5%.

Keywords: water of Lake Baikal, fresh water lakes in Russia, nationwide freshwater of Russian, the largest fresh water lakes in the world, the global balance of fresh water.

Land Resources

RESULTS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIVITIES FEDERAL TARGET PROGRAMM «PRESERVATION AND RESTORATION OF SOIL FERTILITY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AND AS A NATIONAL ASSET AGROLANDSCAPES RUSSIA FOR 2006-2010 AND FOR THE PERIOD BEFORE 2012» IN 2008

The brief analytical review of Ministry of Agriculture of Russia is presented on implementation in 2008 of the federal having a special target program «Maintenance and renewal of fertility of soils of earths of the agricultural setting and agrolandscapes (agrolandshafts) as national property of Russia on 2006-2010 and on a period to 2012 years». This program is containing key measures on directions of capital investments, R&D, information on adjustment and financial providing of measures, implementation of having a special purpose indicators and indexes, basic results of realization in 2008.

Keywords: federal target program, fertility of soils, agricultural lands, agrolandscapes (agrolandshafs), key measures, financial providing, target indicators, results of realization.

Forest Resources

PROBLEMS OF AN ECONOMIC ESTIMATION OF AN EXHAUSTION OF WOOD RESOURCES: METHODOLOGICAL ASPECT

N.M. Bolshakov, Prof. Doctor of Science (Economy), Syktyvkar Forest Institutebranch of the State Educational Institution of Higher Vocational Training “St.Petersburg State Forest Technical Academy”

Еmail: institut@sfi.komi.com

In article offers on development of methodological approaches to an estimation of market cost of an exhaustion of wood resources are considered. Methods of estimation on the basis of the rent approach and calculation of the capitalized added cost are resulted. Settlement operations of calculation of the added cost are defined.

Keywords: exhaustion of wood resources, estimation on the basis of the rent approach, capitalized added cost.

Biological Resources of a Land

GAME MANAGEMENT IN RUSSIA AND ECOLOGICAL PARADIGM

Dezhkin V.V., Prof. Doctor of Science (Biology), leading researcher;

V. G. Safonov, Corresponding Member of the RAAS, chief researcher, Russian Research Institute of Game Management and Fur Farming, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS)

Еmail : safonov.vniioz@mail.ru

The lack of an officially accepted concept of game management development in Russia under conditions of market economy delays the adoption of the Law on Hunting and Game Management during a long period of time, and causes a number of significant mistakes and errors in an administrative regulation of this branch. The necessity of focusing mainly on the ecosystem approach as a base matrix of game management development both in the form of intensive hunting grounds and in the form of traditional nature management within vast territories intended for a global ecological balance conservation is substantiated in this paper.

Keywords: hunting, ecological paradigm, integrated environmental management, biological resources, natural capital, economics of hunting, game management, ecosystem.

Water Biological Resources

RESULTS OF WORK OF THE FEDERAL AGENCY FOR FISHING IN 2008 AND TARGETS FOR 2009

A.A. Krainiy, the Head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries

Email: harbour@fishcom.ru

There is the Report of A.A.Krainiy, the Head of the Federal Agency for Fisheries, at the meeting of the Collegia, Rosrybolovstvo, March 20, 2009, about results of the Agency work in 2008 and priorities for 2009.

Keywords: water biological activities, fisheries, fisheries complex, fish products.

Climatic Resources

WORLD CRISIS, GLOBAL RISE IN TEMPERATURE OF CLIMATE AND NOOSFERNAYA IS MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIA

L.D. Gagut, Prof. – Dc. Sc. (Econоmy), Academician ( Russian Academy of Natural Science, RAEN), Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation, Secretary general of international motion of noosfer development of society

Email: ecos@viems.ru

A traditional industrial economy came in the state of extreme instability and crisis as a result of exhaustion of vitally important resources and dangerous contamination of natural environment, threatening the world by an economic catastrophe. The problems of world economic crisis are considered, global rise in temperature of climate and noosfer modernization of Russia.

Keywords: exhaustion of resources, global changes of climate, noosfer development, world economic crisis, renewable energy, Kyoto protocol.

Recreational Resources

REGIONAL RED BOOK OF SOILS: SEARCHING FOR SOIL STANDARD ON SPECIFICALLY PROTECTED TERRITORY

L.N. Plekhanova, Cand. Sc. (Biology), senior researcher, Institute PhysicoChemical and Biological Problems of the Soil Science, Russian Academy of Science (RAN)

Email: dianthus1@rambler.ru

For making the Red Book of soils in Chelyabinsk area the work on creation account cards of important soil objects in the museumpreserve “Arkaim” is finished now. Offered 16 areas are contributed in preparing Cadastre of the Red Book of soils (Russia). On the 7 areas specialized palaeosoils study are carried out. Soils of these areas present high value as “soils of the key sites for the research institutions” and “soils of archaeological object”.

Keywords: Red Book of soils, palaeosoils studies, archeological soil science, palaeoclimate, anthropogenic influence.

Environment Protection

SOME PROBLEMS OF ECOLOGICAL REGULATION IN NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

T. Mousikhina, Cand. Sc. (Geography), docent, А. Klinduhova, post graduate students, О. Yurlova, Cand. Sc., docent, Vyatka State University

Email: mtamta1@mail.ru

Normalization and evaluation of the quality of the components of the environment on chemical indicators do not take into account the regional characteristics of natural water catchments. Modern approaches to environmental regulation impacts on water bodies should be reviewed on a number of reasons, including because of the fact that most of the sources of pollution fall under the various restrictions that exclude the possibility of using the methods of calculation that leads to the subjectivity and variability in the normalization.

Keywords: environmental regulation, the natural characteristics of the chemical composition of water, the allowable discharge standards, standards of acceptable exposure standards of water quality.

THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS IN ECOLOGIZATION OF ECONOMIC OPERATIONS

A.B.Ashirmatov, AllRussian Institute of Economics of minerals and mining (VIEMS)

Email: ecos@viems.ru

In the article is described role of environmental programs and the status of various appointments in the «greening» of business and the mechanism of realization. There are consider the requirements for environmental programs.

Keywords: environmental program, the federal target program, regional program, ekoprograms of enterprises, the model structure, the output parameters of the program.

Geodesy and Cartography

RENEWAL RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF ECOREGION

A.S.Kerzhentsev, Doctor of Science (Biology), Head of the Laboratory of Functional Ecology, the Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Y.V. Shulgenko, postgraduate student, Pushchino State University, engineer of the Laboratory of Functional Ecology, Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Russian Academy of Science (RAN)

Email: yurashu@mail.ru

The new integrated indicator for biological ecosystem resources estimation – renewal resource potential (RRP), developed on the basis of theoretical views of functional ecology, is considered in the article. The RRP map of Oka basin reflecting a current state of ecosystems, and a map of ideal conditions under the removal of anthropogenous load were made on the basis of region thematic maps (topographical, soil, geobotanical, maps of grounds).

Keywords: ecosystem, functional ecology, renewal resource potential (RRP), ecomass, biomass, necromass, mineral mass, ecoregion.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

International Cooperation

XXI CENTURY POWER: TENDENCIES AND PROSPECTS

N.P. Zapivalov, Prof. Doctor of Science (Geology), Novosibirsk State University, Academician (Russian Academy of Natural Science, RAEN)

Email: ZapivalovNP@ipgg.nsc.ru

Any increase of an energy potential is a survival, independence and prosperity of each nation (community) in the system of chaotic globalization. But the Mantra of global cooperation not always is the Mantra of the separate nation. India uses all possibilities for reception of additional energy sources. It has been widely shown at the last conference and exhibition «Petrotech2009 ». India assumes to increase power consumption to 400.000 MW in 2030 against 130.000 MW in 2008 at the expense of all sources.

Keywords: international cooperation, energy, development of oil and gas in India, alternative and renewable energy.

Human Society and Nature

AS PUBLIC CAN HELP NATURE (ON EXAMPLE OF TOMSK AREA)

G.R. Mudarisova, an employee of the Regional (Tomsk) committee of environment protection and use of natural resources («Oblkompriroda»)

Email: onk@green.tsu.ru

Material is presented about Tomsk experience public ecological organizations. Also it is about basic directions their activity and reasons which mix «green» yet more actively to influence on the decision of nature protection questions.

Keywords: public ecological organizations, ecological education and education, nature protection activity, advice of public ecological organizations.

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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