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2015 / 4

NATURE

Common Problems of Nature Management

Cost Indicators of the Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management in the Dynamics (Some Statistical Aspects)

A.D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), National Information Agency «Natural Resources», N.V. Shashlova, M.P. Klevakina, the Federal State Statistics Service

The material describes the general algorithm and some of the specific features of calculating the volume of expenses for environmental protection developed in the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). In addition, there are addressed broader issues of macrostatistiks of environmental activities. There is done detailed justification for the respective accounting of cost accounting of environmental activities in general and eliminate the influence of inflationary factors in particular. In the article there are also some results of the pilot settlements on the developed methodology made by Rosstat in 2014.

Keywords: environmental protection costs, grouping environmental protection costs, calculation of volume in the dynamics of the cost, volume indices, price indices, the gross domestic product, instituanals sectors.

Mineral Resources

The Strategic Objectives of Development of Mineral Resources Base and Measures to Reduce Risks in the Mineral Complex of Russia

A.E. Natalenko, the Open Joint Stock Company «Novatek», V.A. Pak, the Federal Agency for Subsoil Use (Rosnedra), A.S. Stavskiy, Can.Sc. (Geology), the Federal State Unitary Research and Production Enterprise «Aerogeologia»

The article describes the current negative factors affecting the strategic objectives of development of mineral resource base, and measures to reduce risks in the mineral complex of Russia. Minerals are merged into eight groups, and each group outlines the strategic objectives of development of the mineral resource base.

Keywords: mineral resources, mineral resources base (MRB), mineral resource complex, minerals, MRB development strategy, risks of subsoil (minerals) use.

Water Resources

Scientific and Methodological Foundations of the Transition to the Principle of Best Available Technologies in Water Management

E.M. Kasimova, G.A. Oboldina, N.A. Sechkova, A.N. Tretyakova, A.N. Popov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Engin.), N.B. Prokhorova, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Economy), the Russian Research Institute for Integrated Water Management and Protection (RosNIIVKh)

There has been developed methodology and tools for scientific and analytical support of technical regulation of water use, the methods and criteria for evaluation of adverse effects technology best available technologies (BAT), the effects of water protection activities of business entities for the most significant types of environmental issues (toxicity, salinity, acidification, reduced transparency, eutrophication, dissolved oxygen, heat, radioactive forcing).

Keywords: water management complex, the best available technology (BAT), the technical regulation of water use on the basis of BAT, comprehensive technology assessment criteria for BAT, ranking objects of negative impact, the system of conformity assessment of water protection activities.

Land Resources and Soils

Status of Soil Resources and Productivity of Russian Agriculture

D.M. Homyakov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Engin.), the Faculty of Soil Science, the Moscow State University

The article deals with the problem of the status of soil resources in Russia, the rational use of agricultural land. There are done analysis of the ecological and economic situation of agriculture productivity.

Keywords: soil, soil resources, soil degradation, soil conservation, soil fertility, agricultural land.

Forest Resources

Possibilities of Use of Forest Resources in Russia for the Production of Competitive Forest Products Forestry Enterprises

I.V. Shutov, the Corr.-Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the St.-Petersburg Forestry Research Institute

The article analyzes the contradictions between the interests of forestry and timber industry interests. There are considered ways of creating an open and fair competition between the forestry and timber industry.

Keywords: forest resources, forestry, forest products, timber industry, wood processing, logging companies, the Forest Code.

Biological Resources of Water

Problems of Preservation of Sturgeon in Volga-Caspian Basin

N.G. Rybalsky, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), NIA-Priroda

In the article there is analyzes the main factors influencing the decline in sturgeon Volga-Caspian Basin, including the destruction of natural spawning grounds due to dams regulating the flow of the Volga River, the pollution of the Volga and Caspian Sea, sea level fluctuations, poaching. Also there is consider in retrospect the measures taken, including fish passages dams, canals, fish passes, harvesting regime, reclamation activities, industrial reproduction of sturgeon hatcheries. Formed a set of proposals for the conservation of sturgeon of the Volga-Caspian Basin.

Keywords: sturgeon, the Volga River, the Caspian Sea, preservation, reproduction, poaching, water pollution, level of the Caspian Sea, regulation of runoff.

Climatic Resources

Improving the Quality of Hydrometeorological Support

R.M. Vilfand, Dr.Sc. (Engin.), the Hydrometcentr of Russia

The basis of this article put the material that was presented at the meeting of 25.6.2015 the Public Council under Roshydromet on «improving the quality of hydrometeorological support of authorities, economy, defense and the public as a result of the first project for the modernization and technical upgrading of institutions and organizations Roshydromet (Roshydromet Project-1)».

Keywords: hydrometeorological support, Roshydromet meteorological forecasts, meteorological surveillance, modernization, hydrometeorological information, monitoring network, monitoring, long-term projections, forecasting.

Recreational Resources and Special Protected Natural Areas

Centenarians Oaks – Natural Monuments

V.V. Snakin, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), the Moscow State University (the Earth Science Museum), the «Infosphere» Foundation, the Russian Ecological Academy

Among the specially protected natural areas considered specific category of the «monuments of nature» – oaks centenarians. There are done examples of trees centenarians in Russia and abroad. Particular attention is paid to the conservation of long-lived oak on the territory of the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin.

Keywords: natural monument, natural conservation, monuments of nature, long-lived oaks.

Environmental Protection

Environmental Problems in the Construction of Major Transport Transitions (for example Nevelskiy and the Kerch straits)

V.I. Afanasiev, Can. Sc (Geograph.), the Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics , the Far Eastern Branch, the Russian Academy of Sciences, E.I. Ignatov, Prof.-Doc. Sc (Geograph.), the Department of Geoecology and Nature Management, the Branch of the Moscow State University (Sevastopol) , S.V. Chistov, Can. Sc. (Geograph.), the Geographical Faculty, the Moscow State University, N.F. Tkachenko, Doc. Sc (Engin.), the Department of Regional Problems of Natural Resources Use, the Council on the Development of Productive Forces (SOPS), the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation and the Russian Academy of Sciences

In the article the authors presented some proposals to solve specific environmental problems on the example of two quite distinct from other regions, for which Russia has accumulated a number of variants of design solutions. First of all, this is the area of the Nevelskiy Strait, where it is planned to organize a permanent transport crossing from the mainland to Sakhalin island, as well as transport artery connecting the new Federal district of Russia – Crimea with the Krasnodar territory. Defined tasks for ecologists on the choice of informed variant that minimize environmental losses by ensuring the necessary conditions for trouble-free operation of the systems being created engineering structures.

Keywords: transport transition, design, analysis of ecosystems, environmental issues, criteria, recommendations.

Geodesy and Cartography

The Inclusion of Climate Change Issues in School Geography Course

A.A. Kokorin, Can.Sc. (Phys.-Math.), WWF (Russia)

This article bases on hydrometeorology and scientific institutions of knowledge, the quality (certainty), the availability of popular titles. Author proposes to include climate change issues in school physical geography course. After the accumulation of more detailed economic information, the issues of climate change can be included in the school course of economic geography.

Keywords: climate change, education in school, textbooks, physical geography, economic geography.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Regional Events

The Problems of Waste Production and Consumption in the Subjects of the Russian Federation

Human Society and Nature

On the Formation of a New Worldview in the System «Man – Society – Nature»

N. N. Lukyanchikov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Economy), NIA-Priroda

The article offers a new perspective on the development of the modern world, shaping the worldview in the system «Man – Society – Nature». The author proposes to base the new world outlook general fundamental principles of sustainable development of human civilization.

Keywords: sustainable development, shaping the worldview, ecological education and upbringing, the system «Man – Society – Nature», «green» economy.

Ecological Values and Ecological Behavior in a Risk Society

I.A. Sosunova, Prof.-Dr.Sc (Sociolog.), the Vice-President, the Russian Society of Sociologists, L.G. Titarenko, Prof.-Dr.Sc (Sociolog.), the Belarusian State University

The article is devoted to main aspects of ecological behavior formation, including a role of ecological values. The results of empirical sociological research are presented.

Keywords: ecological behavior, ecological values, risk society, sustainable development.

Calendar of Events

Ecological and Economic Potential of Ecosystems of the North Caucasian Federal District

The Role of Soils in the Biosphere and Human Lifet

30 years After the Chernobyl Accident

Бюллетень

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