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2015 / 3

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2015

NATURE

Common Problems of Nature Management

Secondary Resources and Facilities (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 2, 2015)

B.N. Luzgin, Dr. Sc. (Geograph.), Can. Sc. (Geology), the Altai State University

Traditionally, secondary resources are products obtained from waste production of primary natural resources resulting from the recovery of valuable components by improving existing technologies. Due the ever increasing volume of utilized potential of natural resources offered the option of significant expansion of the concepts of secondary resources, with a revision of their classification basis.

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource genetic complex, secondary resources, resources recycling, the residual resources, resuscitation resources.

Mineral Resources

Reduction of Harmful Effects on the Environment of Drill Cuttings for Oil in the Black Sea (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 2, 2015)

S.I. Rubtsova, Can.Sc. (Biology), M.V. Nacheva, I.L. Prygunova, Can.Sc. (Geograph.), the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Crimean Branch, the Russian Ecological Academy

In the paper the topicality of drilled solids utilization problem is justified. The recycling methods typing and the comparative characteristics of these methods are presented. The best way method of drilled solids recycling during the oil production on the Black Sea shelf from environmental and economical points of view has been chosen.

Keywords: oil pollution, drilling silt, recycling, disposal methods, environment, heat treatment, the Black Sea.

Water Resources

River Flood Adaptation in the Amur Basin and Nature Conservation

O.I. Nikitina, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF Russia), E.A. Symonov, the Daurskiy State Biosphere Nature Reserve, the International Coalition «Rivers Without Borders», E.G. Egidarev, Can.Sc. (Geograph.), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF Russia), the Pacific Institute of Geography, the Far Eastern Branch, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The article describes negative social and economic consequences of river floods, estimates floods’ ecological significance, reviews potential environmental risks caused by the dams suggested as a flow regulation measure after the 2013 catastrophic flood in the Amur River basin. There are presented the results of a preliminary evaluation of the floodplains’ storage capacity of the Middle and Lower Amur. It suggests environmental flows as a compensation measure reducing the dam-caused negative environmental impact, and promotes the conservation of floodplains’ natural conditions as a way to alleviate flood-caused damage.

Keywords: floods, protective measures, anti-flood dams, reservoir, floodplains’ area, environmental flow release, ecosystem.

Land Resources and Soils

Digital Soil Museum: the Concept

N.N. Rybalskiy, Can.Sc. (Biology), the Faculty of Soil Science, the Moscow State University, V.A. Dolginova, Can.Sc. (Biology), the Russian Centre of Agromarketing «Agroprognoz»

The article explains the urgent need of soil data conservation and sharing both of the historical and contemporary ones. We discuss the open source concept of operating with soil data. Provided an overview of existed online soil resources. Suggested the usage of media technologies due to promote soil science. Analyzed the basic tools to work with a huge amounts of soil data. Given an overview of the representation of soil data on the Internet as a virtual museums and other online resources. There is introduced the concept of the Digital Soil Museum.

Keywords: Digital Soil Museum, soil information system, soil science, database, IT, archive, storage, media, data collection, data storage, formalization, digitizing, soil heritage.

Forest Resources

Forest Resources in the System of Environment and Economic Accounting in Russia (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 1 and 2, 2015)

A.D. Dumnov, Dr.Sc. (Economy), the National Information Agency «Natural Resources» (NIA-Priroda)

The article examines main approaches and questions of the reflection of forest resources (forest wood, timber) as part of complex System of environmental and economic accounting, SEEA, is the development of a common system of national accounting, SNA, in relation to the natural resources, natural resources use and environmental protection. In the most detailed degree studied the provisions of international standard – Central Framework SEEA in version 2012. There are critically analyzed and discussed the possibility of using these provisions in the conditions of the Russian Federation, including the account of assets of forest wood, solving the problem of the valuation of the relevant resources, etc.

Keywords: system of national accounting (SNA), System of environmental and economic accounting (SEEA), SEEA Central Framework-2012, biological assets, forest timber (standing timber), assets balance, valuation of forest timber, discount rate, method of the net present value (NPV), forest management.

Biodiversity

Current State of an Assessment of Rare and Endangered Species of Plants and Animals (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 2, 2015)

V.V. Snakin, Dr. Sc. (Biology), the Institute of Basic Biological Problems, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Moscow State University (the Earth Science Museum), A.A. Prisyazhnaya, Can.Sc. (Biology), V.R. Khrisanov, Can.Sc. (Geograph.), G.V. Mitenko, the Institute of Basic Biological Problems

In article the history of creation of Red Data Books of world, federal and regional value is briefly stated. The assessment of rare and endangered species for animals, plants and mushrooms in subjects of the Russian Federation is analyzed. The comparative analysis of distribution of endangered species by their quantities, categories of rare status and major groups of organisms is carried out. The comparative assessment of the Russian list of rare species with the IUCN Red List is given.

Keywords: Russian Federation Red Data Book, IUCN Red List, list of rare and endangered species, categories of rare status.

Biological Resources of Water

Sturgeons of the Caspian Sea – a Natural Heritage of Russia, the Current State of the Population and Recommendations for their Conservation

R.P. Khodorevskaja, Dr.Sc. (Biology), V.A. Kalmykov, Can.Sc. (Biology), the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «Caspian Research Institute of the Fishery», the Federal Agency for Fishery

This material presents the analysis of a state of the sturgeon population, inhabiting in the Caspian Sea (sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii, stellate sturgeon Acipenser stellatus, beluga Huso husо). It is established that fishery stocks of all spices of sturgeons are critical. The article describes the process of a formation of the sturgeon population in the current period. It shows the dynamics of fishery catches, the number of sturgeons on the investigated water area of the Caspian Sea, replenishment of the population in the result of the natural reproduction. It can see the analysis of the materials on volumes of a discharge of juveniles fish from the fishery plants of Russia, and Caspian countries in the natural water body. The article gives recommendations for the preservation of the unique fish of our planet.

Keywords: the Caspian Sea, Russian sturgeon, beluga, fishery catches, natural and fabrication reproduction, poaching, content of the extractable oil-hydrocarbons in water and ground, state of the reproductive system, periods of the formation of stocks.

Climatic Resources

Characteristics of Hydrometeorological Hazards in the Territory of the Russian Federation in 2014

A.D. Golubev, N.S. Sidorenkov, Dr.Sc. (Phisic.-Mathemat.), the Federal State Budget Institution «Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia», T.R. Zhemchugov, the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russia

The article presents data on individual severe weather events that occurred on the territory of the Russian Federation in 2014: data, by monthly and federal districts.

Keywords: natural hazards, hydrometeorological hazards, complex meteorological phenomena.

Recreational Resources and Special Protected Natural Areas

Characteristics of hydrometeorological hazards in the territory of the Russian Federation in 2014

G.I. Marcinkiewicz, Dr.Sc. (Geograph.), the Department of Geography, the Belarusian State University

There is the estimation of landscape diversity of specially protected natural territories of the Republic of Belarus. The highest level of landscape diversity is typical for the national parks «Narochanskiy» and «Belovejskaya Pyscha» and the landscape reserves (zacaznicks). National parks «Pripyat» and «Braslavskiy Lakes», as well as biological reserves (zacaznicks) are characterized by averages, Berezinsky biosphere reserve and hydrological reserves (zacaznicks) – low rates of landscape diversity.

Keywords: landscape diversity, special protected natural territories, nature reserves, national parks, reserves (zacaznicks), the Republic of Belarus.

Environmental Protection

Legal Problems of Invasive Species

N.V. Kuznetsova, graduate student, the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, the Tambov State University, N.G. Rybalskyi, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), the National Information «Agency Natural Resources», the Bureau of the Russian Ecological Academy

There are analyzed the laws of different levels regulating the introduction of plants and animals. Showing the cost of funds and the environmental problems associated with the introduction of invasive species in the ecosystem. Sound proposals on the introduction of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation articles for the introduction of invasive species of plants and animals. There are recommended amendments to the Resolution of the Supreme Court number 14.

Keywords: introduction, biological pollution, invasive species, alien species, biological diversity, environmental law.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

To the 135 Anniversary of the Academician V.N. Sukachev

International Cooperation

The Conference of the Network of Water Organizations from Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA NWO)

Human Society and Nature

Formation of Ecological Culture of Students in the Educational Process of Modern School as a Condition for Achieving Sustainable Development

A.I. Vasilchenko, the Kemerovo State University

The article presents the results of the initiative of the student group, Kemerovo State University, for the formation of ecological culture of students in educational process of modern school in the project «We in Eco World - Eco World Around Us», aiming at the promotion and implementation of the strategy «Education for Sustainable Development».

Keywords: environmental culture, environmental education, environmental upbringing, sustainable development, education for sustainable development.

Problems of Ecological Outlook «Man - Nature - Culture»

Calendar of Events

International, national and regional scientific and technical meetings, conferences, symposia, meetings, seminars, schools and exhibitions of natural resource and environmental orientation (June -July, 2015)

Bookshelf

L.G. Bogatyrev. The Basic Concepts, Laws and Principles of Modern Soil Science

Бюллетень

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