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2014 / 6

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2014

NATURE

Common Problems of Nature Management

International Standard for the System of Integrated Environment and Economic Accounting (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4–5, 2014)

A.D. Dumnov, Dr.Sc. (Economy), the National Information Agency «Natural Resources», A.E. Kharitonova, the degree-seeking student, the Department of Statistics and Econometrics, the Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy

At the 43rd session of the UN Statistical Commission (February 28 – March 2, 2012 ) were discussed issues of further development of the System of Environmental and Economic Accounting, SEEA. When this was approved and adopted as an international standard manual – Central Framework, representing compact guide on the practical implementation of this system. This document was translated into Russian authors of this article. Brief analysis of materials Central Framework is presented in this article.

Keywords: Central Framework of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), international standard, system of national accounts (SNA), physical and monetary supply and use tables, assets tables (accounts), adjustment of the SNA aggregates, reflecting the dynamics of natural resources and environmental management.

Mineral Resources

Look-ahead Resources, Stocks, Extraction and Quality of Underground Waters of Russia (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4–5, 2014)

S.L. Pugach, Cand. Sc. (Geology), S.V.Spektor, Cand. Sc. (Geology), FGUP «Gidrospecgeologia»

Underground waters are one of sources of water supply and one of the major mineral resources. In the conditions of accruing deterioration of a surface water fresh underground waters are quite often unique source of maintenance of the population the quality potable water, protected from pollution. The satisfaction of current and perspective requirements of the population of Russia in qualitative potable water gets the increasing social and economic value.

Keywords: underground waters, resources and stocks of underground waters, use of underground waters for various needs, an exhaustion of deposits of underground waters, pollution of underground waters, protection of underground waters.

Water Resources

The Role of Groundwater in Water Resources in Western Dvina River Basin

I.S. Zektser, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Geology), O.A. Karimova, Can.Sc. (Geology), the Water Problems Institute, the Russian Academy of Sciences, M.M. Cherepansky, Dr.Sc. (Geology), the Russian Geological Prospecting University, N.M. Tomina, the Institute for Nature Management, the National Academy of Sciences, Belarus

The article deals with the evaluation of the role of groundwater discharge in water resources of the river basin of Western Dvina. It is shown that the main factors influencing the formation conditions of groundwater discharge are primarily climatic, geo­morphological, hydrological and hydrogeological conditions of the region. The article also shows that the assessment of formation of groundwater discharge into the rivers is carried out by determining the range of participation of main aquifers. The groundwater withdrawal influences the changing of groundwater flow discharging into the river too.

Keywords: groundwater discharge, river runoff, module of groundwater flow, coefficient of the groundwater river recharge, water balance.

Land Resources and Soils

State, Rational Use and Protection of Land (Soil) Resources in Russia

A.L. Ivanov, the Academician, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Soil Science Institute (RAS)

This article was prepared based on the title report of the Academician A.L. Ivanov at the First All-Russian Public Meeting «Soil and Land Resources: Status, Evaluation and Use» (October 8–10, the Soil Science Institute, Moscow). The short version of this report was published in the newspaper «Prirodno-Resursnie Vedomosty», № 8–9, 2014 too.

Keywords: soil, soil resources, land resources, soil protection, sustainable use of soil resources.

Forest Resources

Reflections on the Forest Inventory and Management Organization of the Russian Forestry (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 5, 2014)

I.V. Shutov, the Chl.- Corr., the Russian Academy of Sciences, SPbNII Forestry

The article presents a review of the book N.A. Moiseev, A.G. Tretyakov and R.F. Treyfeld «Forest Management in Russia. Histori­cal Analysis of the Forest Management in Russia and the Concept of its Revival in the Market Economy» (M.: MGUL, 2014. – 268 p.).

Keywords: forest management, forestry, forests, forest management, the Russian Federation.

Water Biological Resources

Seasonal Aspects of the Dynamics of Algocoenoses Medium-sized and Small Rivers in the Conditions of Wastewater Discharge

O.N. Fedoseyev, Can.Sc. (Biology), the Department of Ecology, the Penza Branch, the International Independent Ecological-Political University

The article examines changes in structural parameters algocoenosis river Starya Sura in the area of sewage discharge factory «Mayak», associated with seasonal aspects.

Keywords: algae, phytoplankton, seasonal aspects, medium-sized and small rivers.

Recreational Resources

Objectives of Development the Global Environment Monitoring in Russian Biosphere Reserves

Y.A. Buyvolov, Can.Sc. (Biology), G.M. Chernogaeva, Dr. Sc. (Geograph.), the Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Roshydromet and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

Current state implementation of programs of global environmental monitoring in biosphere reserves was analyzed. There were also identified priorities for development of global environmental monitoring in biosphere reserves, including the organization of inter-agency cooperation, modernization of the research program «Chronicle of Nature in Reserves» and the development of integrated monitoring programs in biosphere reserves.

Keywords: global environment monitoring, integrated background monitoring, biosphere reserve, the Russian Chronicles of Nature, Prioksko-Terrasniy Biosphere Reserve.

Environmental Protection

Environment Protection, Natural Resources and Revenues of the Federal Budget in Russia

D.A. Boriskin, A.D Dumnov, Dr.Sc. (Economy), E.V. Muravyova, NIA-Priroda

The submission in compressed form describes the main federal budget revenues of the country related to the functioning of the natural resources sector and the use of fiscal and economic instruments. In tabular and analytic form disclosed their structure and trends of the past few years.

Keywords: environmental protection, natural resources, use of natural resources, the federal budget revenues, structure, trends.

Geodesy and Cartography

Geographical Research as the Basis of Development Priorities of the Environmental Policy in the Areas of New Assimilate

Z.G. Mirzekhanova, Dr.Sc. (Geograph.), the Institute of Water and Ecology Problems, the Far East Branch, the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

The article is devoted to geographical research addressing the priorities of regional environmental policies in areas of new development. The importance of the ecological problems is pointed out in the implementation of regional development plans.

Keywords: geographical research, regional environmental policy, areas of new development, territorial schemes.

Climatic Resources

Climate change and its consequences in the Russian Federation (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4–5, 2014)

V.M. Kattsov, Dr.Sc. (Phys.-Mat.), the Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory, S.M. Semenov, Dr.Sc. (Phys.-Mat.), the Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Roshydromet and the Russian Academy of Sciences, A.V. Frolov, Can.Sc. (Geograp.), Roshydromet

The article presents the main results of «The Second Assessment Report on Climate Change and its Consequences in the Russian Federation» prepared large by a team of leading scientists and specialists of scientist institutions of Roshydromet, the Russian Academy of Sciences and higher educational institutions.

Keywords: climate change, temperature, atmospheric condensation, atmospheric circulation, impact of climate change, permafrost, adaptation.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

On the 90th anniversary of the All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation

International Cooperation

2015 – International Year of the Soil

Regional Events

Natural and Cultural Potential of the Middle Volga Endangered

A.V. Vinogradov, Can. Sc. (Biology), the Samara Regional Branch, the Russian Environmental Academy

The article is considered situation with the state of the natural resource heritage Samara region. There is analyzed the problems of the natural and cultural potential of the Middle Volga. Specific examples of the state of individual specially protected natural areas area are done.

Keywords: natural and cultural resources, natural and cultural heritage of the Middle Volga, Samara region, specially protected natural areas, Samarskaya Luka, Sokol mountains.

Human Society and Nature

On the Development of the Concept of Sustainable Development

A.D. Ursul, Prof.-Dr.Sc (Philos.), the Academician, the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova, the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Ecology

This article discusses the development of the system, more complete and adequate theoretical and methodological concept of sustainable development capable of more efficient implementation using technologies emerging global socio-economic and human­itarian-noosfer orientation. Theoretical aspects of sustainable development (SD) devoted many publications. Concerns have difficul­ties and setbacks of the strategy of SD. Discussed and analyzed the different causes of the negative consequences of the transition to the model of SD. With regard to the concept of SD, then this issue is receiving insufficient attention yet.

Keywords: sustainable development, the concept of sustainable development (SD), global sustainability, environmental orienta­tion of SD, demographic stability, security of SD.

Calendar of Events

Foreign activities in 2015 to mark the International Year of soil

Russian activities in 2015 to mark the International Year of soil

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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