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2014 / 5

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2014

NATURE

Common Problems of Nature Management

International Standard for the System of Integrated Environment and Economic Accounting (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4, 2014)

A.D. Dumnov, Dr.Sc. (Economy), the National Information Agency «Natural Resources», A.E. Kharitonova, the degree-seeking student, the Department of Statistics and Econometrics, the Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy

At the 43rd session of the UN Statistical Commission (February 28 – March 2, 2012 ) were discussed issues of further development of the System of Environmental and Economic Accounting, SEEA. When this was approved and adopted as an international standard manual – Central Framework, representing compact guide on the practical implementation of this system. This document was translated into Russian authors of this article. Brief analysis of materials Central Framework is presented in this article.

Keywords: Central Framework of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), international standard, system of national accounts (SNA), physical and monetary supply and use tables, assets tables (accounts), adjustment of the SNA aggregates, reflecting the dynamics of natural resources and environmental management.

Mineral Resources

Look-ahead Resources, Stocks, Extraction and Quality of Underground Waters of Russia (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4, 2014)

S.L. Pugach, Cand. Sc. (Geology), S.V.Spektor, Cand. Sc. (Geology), FGUP «Gidrospecgeologia»

Underground waters are one of sources of water supply and one of the major mineral resources. In the conditions of accruing deterioration of a surface water fresh underground waters are quite often unique source of maintenance of the population the quality potable water, protected from pollution. The satisfaction of current and perspective requirements of the population of Russia in qualitative potable water gets the increasing social and economic value.

Keywords: underground waters, resources and stocks of underground waters, use of underground waters for various needs, an exhaustion of deposits of underground waters, pollution of underground waters, protection of underground waters.

Water Resources

Formation and Development of Land Reclamation Science in VNIIGiM

B.M. Kizyaev, the Academician, the Russian Academy of Science, L.V. Kireycheva, Dr. Sc. (Enginer.), the All-Russian Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation (VNIIGiM)

The article is devoted to the history and development of land reclamation science at the All-Russian Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named A.N. Kostyakov, which in November 2014 to mark the 90th anniversary of the foundation.

Keywords: the All-Russian Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation (VNIIGiM), history, science reclamation, soil reclamation, hydraulic building, hydraulic engineering.

Land Resources and Soils

Degradation of ameliorating soils in Russia as resulted from changes in their water regime and methods of protection (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4, 2014)

F.R. Zaidelman, Prof.- Dr.Sc. (Agricul.), the Department of Physics and Soil Melioration, the Faculty of Soil Science, the Moscow State University

The article describes episodes of degradation of ameliorating soils in Russia and adjacent countries as resulted of the anthropogenic changes in their water regime. It revealed the cause of this negative appearance and developed a system of their diagnostics. It proposed recommendations on soil protection from degradation phenomena and destruction. It detailed the causes of the degradation of chernozems as a result from their waterlogging; examined the pyrogenic factors causing ignition of drained peat areas, compaction structural fertile alluvial soils in the valleys and degradation changes of many other soils as a result of anthropogenic transformation of their hydrological regime.

Keywords: degradation, water regime, waterlogging of soils, fires peat lands, compaction of structural soils of floodplains.

Resolution

First All-Russian Public Meeting «Soil and Land Resources: Status, Evaluation and Use» (8–10 October 2014, Moscow)

Forest Resources

Reflections on the Forest Inventory and Management Organization of the Russian Forestry

I.V. Shutov, the Chl.- Corr., the Russian Academy of Sciences, SPbNII Forestry

The article presents a review of the book N.A. Moiseev, A.G. Tretyakov and R.F. Treyfeld «Forest Management in Russia. Historical Analysis of the Forest Management in Russia and the Concept of its Revival in the Market Economy» (M.: MGUL, 2014. – 268 p.).

Keywords: forest management, forestry, forests, forest management, the Russian Federation.

Biological Resources of Land

Biodiversity and business: approaches and solutions

I.O. Kostin, UNDP/GEF Project – the Ministry of Natural Recourses and Ecology of the Russian Federation «The Conservation of Biodiversity in Policies and Programs of Development of the Russian Energy Sector»

In this article there are main results of the First International Conference «Biodiversity and business: Approaches and Solutions» (October 2–3, 2014, Moscow), organized by the Project of Ministry of Natural Recourses and Ecology of the Russian Federation and the UNDP/GEF Project «The Conservation of Biodiversity in Policies and Programs of Development of the Russian Energy Sector».

Keywords: biodiversity, energy, environmentally responsible business, sustainable development, ecosystem services.

Water Biological Resources

Possible conservation measures of water biological resources

P.A. Balykin, the Southern Scientific Centre, the Russian Academy of Science, Rostov-on-Don

There are discussed the modern condition of water biological resources of the Russian seas. The mechanisms of TAC allocation have been used as instruments to limit fishing impacts on commercial stocks. As the basic measure of regulation it is offered restriction of terms of fishery. It is offered to establish terms of a different fishery annually. The list of the necessary information and calculations are developed. It is expected, that the described approach will allow Illegal fishery and discard of fishes to reduce.

Кеуwords: water biological resources, rules of management by fishery, restriction of terms of fishery.

Recreational Resources

The Sixth World Congress of Protected Areas

N.G. Rybalsky, Dr.Sc. (Biology), ANO «Natural Recourses»

The article presents a summary of the Sixth World Congress of Protected Areas, which was held November 12–19, 2014 in Sydney (Australia).

Keywords: protected natural sites, national parks, nature reserves, the World Commission on Protected Areas, IUCN, the World Congress of protected areas.

Environmental Protection

Environmental management and environmental management at the regional level: legal regulation and performance evaluation

A.K. Veselov, Can. Sc. (Law), the Union of the Ecologist, the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Association of Environmental Lawyers of Russia

The paper analyzes the root causes and conditions of worsening ecological situation in the regions and provides an assessment of the effectiveness of environmental policy in the regions. Formulated priority actions for the formation and implementation of environmental policy in the regions.

Keywords: environment, environmental situation, legal regulation, management efficiency, environmental policy.

Climatic Resources

Climate change and its consequences in the Russian Federation (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4, 2014)

V.M. Kattsov, Dr.Sc. (Phys.-Mat.), the Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory, S.M. Semenov, Dr.Sc. (Phys.-Mat.), the Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, Roshydromet and the Russian Academy of Sciences, A.V. Frolov, Can.Sc. (Geograp.), Roshydromet

The article presents the main results of «The Second Assessment Report on Climate Change and its Consequences in the Russian Federation» prepared large by a team of leading scientists and specialists of scientist institutions of Roshydromet, the Russian Academy of Sciences and higher educational institutions.

Keywords: climate change, temperature, atmospheric condensation, atmospheric circulation, impact of climate change, permafrost, adaptation.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

To the 70th anniversary of the Academician Valery Aleksandrovich Chereshnev

The 100th anniversary of foundation of CNFP (The continuous of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 4, 2014)

V.S. Chesnokov, Can.Sc.(Econom.), the Comission on Scientific Heritage of the Academician V.I. Vernadsky, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The article is devoted to the 100th anniversary of the Commission on Study of the Natural Forces Productives (CNFP), it contribution to the development of the forces productives of Russia.

Keywords: V.I. Vernadsky, development of natural forces productives.

Human Society and Nature

Congress of Russian Ecological Party «The Greens»

RESOLUTION

Public hearings at the Public Chamber of the city of Moscow on the topic: «Is there environmental policy in the implementation of urban development activities in Moscow?»

(November 5, 2014)

Calendar of Events

International, national and regional scientific and technical meetings, conferences, symposia, meetings, seminars, schools and exhibitions of natural resource and environmental orientation (December, 2014)

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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