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2013 / 6

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2013

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

Features export of natural resources and raw materials of modern Russia

B.N. Luzgin, Dr.Sc. (Geogr.), the Altai State University

The article consists the date showing the development dynamics of export of natural resources and raw materials during the 20-year post-Soviet period far and close economic ties of modern Russia. It is characterised by maximum amounts of external trade in its history. There is done estimates of implications of such withdrawal on natural wealth of the country.

Keywords: natural resources, export, electricity, grain crops, timber, metal ores and concentrates, phosphate and potash fertilizers.

Mineral Resources

Development of resource potential and environmental security in the Arctic Sea

S.E. Donskoy, the Minister, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology, the Russian Federation

There is the reference of the report of the Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation S.E. Donskoy on the section «Environmental security development and utilization of the Arctic», the 3-d International Arctic Forum «The Arctic – Territory of Dialogue» (25.09.2013, Salekhard).

Keywords: mineral resources, environment, Arctic, continental shelf, oil and gas production.

Water Resources

About the system analysis of payment water use in Russia: some actual aspects (The end of the article. The beginning in bulletin № 5, 2013)

A.D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), the National Information Agency «Natural Resources», A.A. Komyagina, the Federal Water Resources Agency

In the system of organization and management tools to improve environmental protection and use of natural resources (especially water resources) a key position now held by economic methods. This includes a wide range of activities: from the introduction and regulation of charges for use of natural resources to the budget transfers to the relevant needs, from the accelerated depreciation of environmentally friendly/environmental protection fixed assets to total or partial repayment of interest on the target bank loans. The role of statistics and conducted on the basis of its estimates in determining the necessary parameters of payments is extremely high.

Keywords: economics of water use, water tax, charges for water use, payments for negative impact on water resources, preferential taxes, charges and payments, impact of taxes, charges and payments to improve efficiency of water use and protection of water resources.

Land Resources and Soils

Features of a cadastre and definition of the modern trends of improving technologies for soil protection

T.V. Ilyushina, Dr. Sc. (Geogr.), A.P. Sizov, Dr.Sc. (Engin.), the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, A.S. Yakovlev, Dr.Sc. (Biology), the Moscow State University

One of the actual tasks is to study the state of land resources and forecasting of changes in land use and impact of natural and man-made processes. Reduction of the areas and deterioration of the quality of agricultural land, unreasonable withdrawal of fertile lands, industrial pollution of soil and lack of reclamation activities, the failure of environmental control, inability to account of the state of and changes in the soils is caused by deficiencies of land policy, unsystematic economic, legal and environmental measures. Questions of cadastral registration of land plots involved in the operation are one of the most important conditions for the development of the economic mechanism of land relations and require a more detailed study.

Keywords: state cadastre, soil protection technologies, natural, natural-anthropogenic and anthropogenic processes.

Biological Resources of Land

The economic basis of the new model of the hunting resources use in Russia

O.E. Medvedeva, Dr.Sc. (Economy), the Institute of innovative economic management, the State University of Management

The article discusses the economic basis of the new model using of hunting resources in Russia. Legally enshrines the principle of payment for the use of hunting resources.

Keywords: hunting, use of hunting resources (wild animals), game, hunting areas, charges, rents, agreements and auctions related to use of hunting resources.

Climatic Resources

Permafrost dynamics and global climate changes

N.A. Shpolianskaya, Dr.Sc. (Geogr.), the Moscow State University

Climate and permafrost are two natural phenomena making the basis for many features of nature in the Arctic Regions. Fluctuations of temperature can be considered as analogues of future changes of the climate. It is expected that in the nearest thousand years the cryolithozone of Arctic and Subarctic will retain rather steady conditions.

Keywords: global climate change, permafrost, criolithozone, the Arctic region.

Recreational Resources

Status and prospects of the development of especially protected nature areas (federal level)

V.B. Stepanitsky, the Department of State Policy in the Field of Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology, the Russian Federation

Based on materials from the speech of the Deputy Director, the Department of State Policy and Regulation in the Field of Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology, Russia V.B. Stepanitsky 29-d meeting of the Permanent Seminar at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation on the theme: «Practice, Problems and Prospects of the EPNA of the Republic Belarus and the Russian Federation» (14-15 June 2012, Brest).

Keywords: especially protected nature areas, nature reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, EPNA system.

Environmental Protection

New trends of environmental assessment of pesticides in their registration in the Russian Federation

V.S. Gorbatov, Can.Sc. (Biology), the All-Russian Research Institute of Phytopatology

The Russian Federation began the accession to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and became the participant of the global pesticide regulation process. The new approaches of pesticide ecological assessment as a part of the registration procedure have been discussed.

Keywords: pesticides, pesticide handling regulation, registration of pesticides, pesticide environmental assessment, assessment of the environmental risks of pesticides.

Use of waste water treatment in the substrates for growing potted flowering plants

A.A. Andreev, the graduate student, T.N. Bolysheva, Can.Sc. (Biology), the Moscow State University, N.M. Shegolkova, Dr.Sc. (Biology), the Institute of Water Problems, the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

The effect of water treatment sludge as the component of greenhouse growing media in combination with different types of fertilizers on growth, cultivation and decorative quality of primrose variety «Hethor mix» was studied in commercial experience. The study of plants mineral nutrition showed, that the addition of sludge to growing media allows to solve the problem of phosphorus nutrition of primrose and neutralize the acidity of the peat. The application of water treatment sludge and nitrogen and potassium fertilizers has improved productivity and biometrics parameters of plants and at the flowering phase to achieve the implementation of potential properties of investigated primrose variety «Hethor mix».

Keywords: greenhouse growing media, water treatment sludge, primula, pot culture.

Geodesy and Cartography

The interpretation of Vaygach Island satellite images to identify current landscape state and create a prognosis of their possible dynamics

I.A. Miklyaev, FGU «Aqwainfoteca», I.M. Miklyaeva, Can.Sc. (Geogr.), the Geographical Faculty, the Moscow State University, A.A. Aleynikov, Can.Sc. (Geogr.), ITC «ScanEks», A.M. Aleynikova, Can.Sc. (Geogr.), the Ecological Faculty, RUDN, O.N. Lipka, Can.Sc. (Geogr.), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF Russia)

The satellite images interpretation of Vaygach Island was done to examine the current state of its landscapes and identify among them those in which destructive processes can be activated as a result of global warming. Research objectives included the development and preparation of medium-sized (1:250 000) maps series: geomorphological structure of the island, vegetation and landscapes. Mapping was based on analysis of literature data, topographic maps and visual interpretation of multi-channel satellite images Landsat-5 in the scale of mapping.

Keywords: Vaygach Island, multi-channel satellite images Landsat-5, medium-scale mapping, geomorphological structure, vegetation, landscapes.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

Tandem creative: D.I. Mendeleev and V.I. Vernadsky (The 150th anniversary of V.I. Vernadsky and the 180th anniversary of the D.I. Mendeleyev)

V.S. Chesnokov, Can.Sc. (Economy), the Commission on Scientific Heritage of the Academician V.I. Vernadsky, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The article is devoted to the creative scientific of D.I. Mendeleev and V.I. Vernadsky, their contribution to the development of the forces productives of Russia.

Keywords: D.I. Mendeleev, V.I. Vernadsky, scientific creation, forces productive, KEPS, autotrophy of the humanity, monetary economics, physical economics.

International Cooperation

III-d International Arctic Forum «The Arctic – Territory of Dialogue»

N.G. Rybalskiy, Dr.Sc. (Biology), NIA-Priroda

In this article provides information on the International Arctic Forum «The Arctic – Territory of Dialogue» conducted under the auspices of the largest international, political and expert platform to exchange views on topical issues of the Arctic region and organized by the Russian Geographical Society in Salekhard (Yamal -Nenets Autonomous District) 24-25 September 2013.

Keywords: Arctic, the Arctic region, environmental safety, environmental protection, development and utilization of the Arctic climate.

Regional Events

Water Security in a subject of the Russian Federation (in the Stavropol Region)

Y.V. Volosuhin, Dr.Sc. (Engin.), ICC «Security of Hydraulic Structures»

The article presents data on the safety of water Stavropol Territory and forward key measures to improve water safety margin.

Keywords: hydraulic structures, water use safety, Stavropol Region (Territory), flood safety (protection).

Bookshelf

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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