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2013 / 1

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

Год издания:  2013

Тираж:  10000

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

Living matter of the biosphere: evolutionary aspect

V.V. Snakin, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), the Institute of Fundamental Problems of Biology, the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), the Moscow State University

There are summarises the main laws of the development of the living matter of the biosphere in order to understand the evolution of modern features and identify the role of people. There are analysed the current global trend of environmental processes from the perspective of the laws of development autogenous (self development) too. Available data show that the modern evolution of ecosystems is yet to autogenous way and do not have sufficient scientific basis for the assertion of the occurrence of the global environmental crisis. The problems of modern environmental alarmism and the concept of sustainable development are also discussed.

Keywords: V.I. Vernadsky, biosphere, noosphere, evolution, global environmental processes, environmental alarmism, sustainable development.

Mineral Resources

Iron-oxide-phosphorous-rare earth element mineralization in the Bafq area

S.V. Belov, Dr. Sc. (Geology), OAO «Zarubezhgeologiya», N.V. Vladykin, Dr. Sc. (Geology), D.A. Jakovlev, Can. Sc. (Geology), the Institute of Geochemistry, the Siberian Branch, RAS

Iron-oxide-phosphorous-rare earth elements mineralization in the Bafq area located in the central part of Iran is described. Deposits of the area are prospected and were studied by Russian geologists and contain large reserves of iron ores and phosphorous. Their feature is broad presence at the ores of rare earth elements. Connection of deposits with manifestations of nonconventional types of carbonatites – similar to the Mongolian objects – is supposed. There are probable relatives connections of mineralization in the Bafq area with family of iron-oxide-gold-copper deposits.

Keywords: Bafq area, Iran, ores of iron, phosphorous, rare earth elements, carbonatites, iron-oxide-gold-copper deposits (IOCG deposits).

VII All-Russian Congress of Geologists Resolution (24-26 October 2012, Moscow)

Water Resources

Crimean tragedy: reasons and consequences

V.A. Volosukhin, Prof.-Dc. Sc. (Engin.) the Director, the Institute of Safety of Hydraulic Engineering Constructions, O.M. Shchursky, the Deputy head, the Department of the State Power Supervision, the Federal Service on Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision

There are considered main reasons for July, 2012 of flood on Kuban. The main reasons which have led to a significant damage and death of people in Krymsk are formulated too.

Keywords: flood, showers, reservoir, mine spillway, bridges and bridge moving, clearing channels rivers.

Land Resources and Soils

Regulatory support management and protection of land resources and soil (The continuation. The beginning in bulletin № 6, 2012)

A.P. Sizov, Dr.Sc. (Engin.), the Cathedra of cadastre and land law framework, the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography

The article considers the legal regulation of land and soil protection in the new land policy in the Russian Federation. There is done analysis of new developments in the law relating to the administration of the state cadastre of real estate. Also there is made a synthesis of proposals for regulatory environment protection of the land and soil communities.

Keywords: land, soil, regulatory support, soil conservation, land registry.

Forest Resources

Environmental regulation of forest quality in the Moscow region

T.V. Chernenkova, Dr. Sc. (Biology), N.N. Levitskaya, Can. Sc. (Biology), the Center for Forest Ecology and Productio, RAS

A method for the polycriterial assessment of indicators and their importance in the forest management nearly Moscow, the largest megalopolis, is proposed. A series of indices characterising the state of the forest cover, disturbing factors, and measures for the preservation of the necessary biodiversity level is discussed. Based on the available data of official and independent sources (spectrozonal pictures), the state of the forest cover has been assessed. The relations between the state of forests and different anthropogenic loads were calculated for different municipal districts of the Moscow region. The efficiency of the existing system of special protected natural areas in terms of preserving the biodiversity of regional forests has been estimated too.

Keywords: indicators of forest management, methods of remote sensing, forests of Moscow region (Moscowskya oblast).

Biological Resources of Land

Scientific and methodological support of biological monitoring of the technogenic territories

T.Ja. Ashikhmina, Prof.-Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Biomonitoring Laboratory, the Institute of Biology, the Komi Science Center, the Ural Branch, RAS, the Vyatka State Humanities University

The material includes developed, adjusted and tested procedures of biological monitoring of impact land. This investigations were developed in the Biomonitoring Laboratory, the Institute of Biology (the Komi Science Center, the Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Science, and the Vyatka State Humanities University.

Keywords: biological monitoring, bioassay, bioindication, environmental protection, monitoring methods.

Water Biological Resources

Fishing industry of the Russian Federation: economic aspects

The Federal Agency for Fishery (Rosrybolovstvo)

There is the official report prepared by the Federal Agency for Fishery (Rosrybolovstvo, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation) based on Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) date, which discussed the state and prospects of development of the fishing industry of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: aquatic resources, fisheries, fishing industry, fishing and fish farming.

Climatic Resources

Anthropogenic and natural components of temperature dynamics in the territory of Russia

D.G. Zamolodchikov, Dr. Sc. (Biology), the Biological Faculty, the Moscow State University

Global warming is one of the most discussing ecological problems of present days. Dominant point of view explains current temperature rise by anthropogenic increase of greenhouse gases content in the atmosphere. Follow alternative views, the warming is result of a composition of natural climatic cycles and very soon it will convert to a cooling. A statistical analysis of correspondence of alternative views on warming to existing instrumental data for the globe and Russian territory is performed in the article. A simple model for temperature dynamics is proposed. There is also proposed model combines logarithmic effects of carbon dioxide content and input of climatic cycles. Dynamics of mean year temperature in Russia is projected for XXI century.

Keywords: Global Climate Change, temperature dynamics, carbon dioxide content, territory of Russia, statistical analysis, projection.

Environmental Protection

Program Outline eliminate pressures on the polluted areas of Franz Josef Land archipelago in the years 2012-2020

D.A. Dzhangirov, Dr.Sc. (Econom.), the Council for the Study of Productive Forces, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russian Federation and the Russian Academy of Sciences

The problems of the negative environmental impact on the islands of the archipelago of Franz Josef Land were considered. The results carried out in 2011-2012. analytical and geoenvironmental studies in order to efforts to clean up the contaminated areas of the islands. The structure of programs to eradicate the sources of negative impacts and assessment of funding requirements.

Keywords: environment, impact, archipelago of Franz Josef Land, pollution, waste, environmental activities, programs, funding.

Radical restructuring of the protection of nature: the 25th anniversary of the environmental services

N.G. Rybalsky, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), National Information Agency «Natural Resourses» (NIA-Priroda), N.N. Lukyanchikov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Economy), Institute for Social and Economic Forecasting and Modeling (Balashikha, Moscow Region)

The article is dedicated to the 25th anniversary of publication Decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR «On a radical restructuring of the of nature зкщеусешщт in the country» (January 7, 1988, № 32) and the creation of environmental services in the USSR and the RSFSR.

Keywords: environmental protection, nature conservation, environmental services, the State Committee.

Recreational Resources

Opportunity analysis of ecologically acceptable location of the industrial transport infrastructure in the Khibiny mountain (Murmansk Region)

A.A. Tishkov, Prof.-Dr.Sc.(Geograph.), N.A. Sobolev, Can.Sc. (Geograph.), S.V. Titova, the Institute of Geography, RAS, N.A. Konstantinov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Biology), N.E. Koroleva, Can.Sc. (Biology), V.A. Kostina, the Polar Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, the Kola Science Centre, RAS, E.A. Shvarts, Dr.Sc.(Geograph.), K.N. Kobyakov, The World Wildlife Fund (WWF Russia), V.N. Petrov, the Kola Wildlife Conservation Center, M.A. Vikulina, Can.Sc. (Geograph.), S.K. Konyaev, the Khibiny Educational and Scientific Base, the Geographical Faculty, the Moscow State University, L.G. Isaeva, Can.Sc. (Agricul.), the Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems, the Kola Science Centre, RAS, O.V. Petrova, the Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems, the Kola Science Centre, RAS, the Kola Wildlife Conservation Center, E.P. Gurina, Closed Joint Stock Company «Rosengineering»

The article describes the various options of mineral transporting from apatite deposit «Partomchorr» wich is located in the north part of Khibiny mountain (Kola peninsula) to mining and processing plant «Oleny ruchey» in the southern part of it. For searching the ecologically optimal variant there was made a complex comparison for 4 main transport ways. The parameters were: length of the road including avalanche areas; amount of rare species plants and lichen habitats and their density in the direct neighborhood from the road; amount of watercourses and watersheds disturbed by road; shape index modification of natural protected areas and other.

Keywords: Khibiny mountain, flora, vegetation, recreation, protected areas, mining industry, road construction.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

Founder of the nature-study of microbiology (On the 80th anniversary of the Academician G.A. Zavarzin)

On the 70th anniversary of the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk and Voronezh liberation from Nazi invaders. Stories told by military memorials

D.A. Boriskin, National Information Agency «Natural Resources» (NIA-Priroda)

In the article by comparing lists of soldiers buried in common graves with the original burial in the Great Patriotic War in Somovo Dubovka, Borovoye, Babyakovo argues about possible reburial in 1943-1944, related to the elimination of threats of infection. There is a list of military units, carrying out the initial burial. There is also raises the issue of perpetuating the memory of the buried soldiers, not on the list of mass graves.

Keywords: World War II, Voronezh region, Somovo, Dubovka, Borovoye Babyakovo, common grave, hospital, burial, infectious diseases, anti-epidemic measures reburial.

International Cooperation

Speech by the President of Russia adviser, Special representative of the President of Russia on climate Alexander Bedritsky at the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC UN/8-th Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (December 6, 2012, Doha, State of Qatar)

Regional Events

Environmental issues and coastal biological resources of the Russian Sea of Japan

O.N. Lukyanova, Dr. Sc. (Biology), the Pacific Fisheries Scientific Research Center (TINRO Center), the Far East Federal University, N.K. Hristoforova, Dr. Sc. (Biology), the Far East Federal University, the Pacific Institute of Geography, the Far East Branch, RAS

This article covers the major current environmental problems of the Russian zone of the Sea of Japan, focused on the Gulf of Peter the Great as the most studied area. There are data on the chemical and biological contamination (pollution). A brief description of biological resources and value of ecosystem services are done too.

Keywords: Sea of Japan, Peter the Great Bay, anthropogenic pollution, biological resources, ecosystem services.

Human Society and Nature

The interaction of state, public and industrial environmental control: legal regulation and practice

A.K. Veselov, Can. Sc. (Juridic.), the Union of the Republic of Bashkortostan environmentalists

The article on the case of the Republic of Bashkortostan discussed the state, problems and effectively address the interaction of state, industrial and public environmental control.

Keywords: ecocontrol, state environmental control, self-monitoring, public environmental control.

Bookshelf

Review of the book A.V. Gagarin, S.N. Glazacheva «Environmental Acmeology: Pedagogical Adaptation»

V.V. Strahov, Dr.Sc. (Agricul.), the All-Russian Research Institute for Forestry and Mechanisation (VNIILM), the Federal Forestry Agency

Review of the monograph V.N. Sedih «Appraiser and Beachy. The discoverers of the Siberian taiga»

O.S. Anisimov, Prof.-Dr.Sc. (Psihol.)

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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