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2011 / 3

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

NATURAL MANAGEMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND SYSTEM OF NATIONAL ACCOUNTS

A. D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), D. A. Boriskin, National Information Agency «Natural Resources»

In article theoretical and organizational questions of System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting, SEEA as part of SNA are considered. It is in detail analyzed the international gathering of the macrostatistical data, operating in OECD and Eurosat, are investigated separate accounts (tables), the basic aggregates and indicators, and also interrelations between them. Some problems and difficulties of SEEA are considered.

Keywords: Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting, system of national accounts, expenses for environmental protection, structure of output of environmental production, financing of environmental protection activity.

Mineral Resources

ENDOGENOUS ACTIVITY OF THE EARTH AND ITS COMMUNICATION WITH SOLAR AND GEOMAGNETIC ACTIVITY

S. V. Belov, Dr. Sc. (Geology), Moscow State Open University,

I. P. Shestopalov, Cand. Sc. (Phys.Mathem.),

E. P. Kharin, Cand. Sc. (Geology), Geophysical Center, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The statistical analysis for last 300 years has allowed to establish existence of the general century cycle of endogenous activity of the Earth, shown in seismicity and volcanism variations and sharing on three private periods, approximately in 33 years. Significant positive correlation between geomagnetic activity (aaindex) and number of all earthquakes and number of active volcanoes and negative correlation of these parameters with solar activity is ascertained. For the first time spatial position of the absolute center of endogenous activity of the Earth is statistically made clear. On a quantitative basis position migration on the Earth of the maximum endogenous activity of the Earth throughout the XX century from northern hemisphere in the southern is established.

Key words: earthquake, volcanism, endogenous activity, solar activity, geomagnetic activity.

Water Resources

HYDROCHEMICAL STABILITY OF RIVER ECOSYSTEMS IN THE CONDITIONS OF REGULATION OF THE FLOW AND TECHNOGENIC TRANSFORMATION OF ENVIRONMENT

V. M. Pavleychik, Cand. Sc. (Geograp.), the Institute of Steppe, the Urals Branch, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The analysis of a natural conditions and anthropogenic factors of formation of an ecological and hydrochemical situation in the rivers of the upper part of Ural’s river basin is carried out. Transference of polluting substances partially occurs in the conditions of the complicated water exchange at regulation of the river’s flow. The carrying out researches confirms nonuniformity of concentration of heavy metals in river water during various seasons of the year, mainly was conditioned by distinctions in indicators of a river’s flow. Duration and intensity of technogenic influence has led to considerable easing of parameters of stability of river systems.

Keywords: polluting substances, heavy metals, seasonal migration, regulation of a flow, character of a flowing, inside basin sectors, stability.

Land Resources

THE IMPORTANCE OF CADASTRE INFORMATION QUALITY AND ITS DEVELOPMENT IN PRESENT RUSSIA

A. G. Konyaeva, postgraduated student,

A. P. Sizov, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Head, the Department of Cadastre and Foundations of Land Law (MIIGAiK)

Based on comparative analysis the importance of USSR cadastre and its change in current conditions are determined. The ways of improving the structure and content of cadastral information are showed. The necessity of addition environmental data in the real estate cadastre is justified.

Keywords: land cadastre, real estate cadastre, cadastral information, cadastral information quality, cadastral data, environmental component of cadastre, residence ecology, property ecological passport.

Biological Resources

TO HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC AND PERSONNEL MAINTENANCE OF HUNTING ECONOMY IN RUSSIA

V.G. Safonov, Corresponding Member, the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS), the Russian Research Institute of Game Management and Fur Farming, RAAS

There is a review of formation of the hunting economy, branch science, a professional training of hunting researchers in Russia, modern problems and prospects of perfection of the organization of branch.

Keywords: the hunting economy, hunting research, reforming history, organization perfection.

QUESTIONS OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE TRESSPASS THE RARE AND BEING UNDER THE THREAT OF DISAPPEARANCE, AND ALSO BROUGHT IN THE RED BOOK OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OBJECTS OF FAUNA

(The Decision of the Higher Ecological Council, the Committee of the State Duma on Natural Resources, Natural Resources Management and Ecology, 3/16/2011 № 12.2)

Climatic Resources

CLIMATE ENGINEERING: FEASIBILITY OF IMPLEMENTATION

Yu.A. Izrael, the Academician, the Russian Academy of Sciences, A.G. Ryaboshapko, Dr. Sc. (Phys.Mathem.), the Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, the Federal Hydrometereology and Environmental Monitoring Service (Rosgidromet) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)

The subject of consideration of article is anthropogenous influence on a climate. It is noticed that Kyoto measures on stabilization of «green» gases concentration have shown the inconsistency. During too time of technology change of parameters of the climatic system, united by the term «climate engineering, give the chance to prevent potential catastrophic consequences of global warming and to allow mankind to adapt world economy for new calls.

Keywords: climate warming, acceptable warming threshold, Kyoto protocol, climate engineering, stratospheric sulfate aerosols, ecological consequences.

Recreational Resources

PROVIDER FEATURES OF PROTECTED AREAS

V.V. Snakin, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Biology), V.V. Dezhkin, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Biology), B.V. Gorelov, scientific researcher

Provider function of protected areas have been analyzed on the decision of the 5th World Congress on protected areas. A detailed classification of these features and considerations of quantitative indicators have been proposed. Proportion of provider function and ecosystem services have been considered. The suggestions for further development of the provider’s functions and their inclusion in the inventory estimates of protected areas have been given.

Keywords: especially protected natural territories, provider function of protected territories, ecosystem services, classification, a cadastral estimation of protected territories.

Environment Protection

ECOLOGICAL COMPETENCE FORMATION

S. N. Glazachev, Prof.D. Sc.(Geograp.), Moscow State Humanitarian University,

V. I. Kosonozhkin, Cand. Sc. (Agricul.), the Moscow State Regional University

The problems of environmental education modernization on the basis of competencebased approach, ecopedagogical approach theoretical and methodological foundations for future expert’s ecological competence formation as overand interprofessional personality qualities are considered. Examples of modular technology of ecological competencies formation are given.

Key words: ecological competence, ecological culture, ecopedagogical approach, modular training, educational module.

Geodesy and Cartography

CARTOGRAPHIC EXPERTISE OF LEGAL DOCUMENTS IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL FIELD

H. A. Kravets, Cand.Sc. (Engin.), the Applied Ecology Cathedra, the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiC)

The article describes approaches to cartographic expertise of geographical concepts in normative and legal acts. The possible combinations of spatial relationships of objects of protection and regulation obtained and analyzed at a conceptual level. The mapping of specific objects of protection and regulation in the Kirov region performed. The article gives recommendations for improving the mechanisms and practices of environmental protection according to the results of cartographic examination of legal documents.

Keywords: geographical concepts, cartographic expertise, regulations.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

International Cooperation

INCREASE OF EFFICIENCY OF THE JOINT MANAGEMENT BY TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES

V.A. Omeljanenko, the First Deputy Director, National Information Agency «Natural Resources», V.A. Duhovnyi, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.)

In article results of work of the International conference on preparation for VI World Water Forum coming in March, 2012 devoted to the analysis of a condition of a water economic complex of the Central Asia states are considered.

Keywords: water resources, water consumption, water removal, hydraulic engineering constructions, transboundary waterways, the international cooperation.

Human Society and Nature

THE ORGANIZATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN RUSSIA

Poll of Fund of Public Opinion («FОМnibus») on May, 1415th, 2011: 100 settlements, 43 subjects of the Russian Federation, 1500 respondents.

ВEGINNING TEACHING ABOUT BIOSPHERE AND GLOBAL PROBLEMS OF HUMANITY IN CREATIVE WORK OF S. A. PODOLINSKY

V.S. Chesnokov. Cand.Sc.(Economy), the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The article is devoted to the scientific activities of «the forgotten scientific innovator» S.A. Podolinsky, whom V.I. Vernadsky considered to be one of his predecessors in the development of the teaching about living material, biosphere and his evolution into noosphere. V.I. Vernadsky ranked his scientific achievements equally with the works by R. Mayer, W. Thompson and G. Helmholz. S.A. Podolinsky laid the corner stone of the new labor theory as economic, naturalhistorical and ethical category and showed that human labor is capable of retaining the solar energy on the earth’s surface and making it act for a longer period.

Keywords: solar energy, minerals, man, labour, sustainability of development, authotrophy of humanity, energetic security.

Regional Events

QUALITY OF WATERS OF THE RIVER THE CUPID

V.V. Bardiuk, the Chairman, the Committee on Environmental Protection of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Khabarovsk Krai (Region)

In article pollution of the Amur river by hlorfenols and other substances of anthropogenous genesis is considered, There was done the analysis of dependence of occurrence of a “chemical” smell at water with the maintenance hlorfenols. The role of effective monitoring of quality of water in elimination of the reasons of pollution is shown.

Keywords: quality of water of the river the Amur, pollution hlorfenols, ecological monitoring.

Calendar of Events

The international, AllRussia both regional scientific and technical meeting, conferences, symposiums, congresses, seminars, schools and exhibitions of nature resources and nature protection orientation

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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