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2011 / 2

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

THE RESOURCELOGY SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT

V.I. Avilov, Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Academician,

S.D. Avilova, Dr. Sc. (Biology), the Academician, the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), the Institute of Oceanology, the Russian Academy of Sciences

As science about most common nature management questions the resourcelogy assumes more and more ecological nuance. Modern tendencies of proportions change at resource production and consumption correct resourcelogy aims and tasks. Introducing ecosystem analysis into own methodology the resourcelogy science must generate outstripping ideas of modern civilization harmonious development to operate our planet population actions.

Key words: resourcelogy, natural resources, ecosystem analysis, civilization development.

Mineral Resources

MODERN REQUIREMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF UNDERGROUND POTABLE WATER IN RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES (The continuation. The beginning in bulletin, № 1, 2011)

R.Y. Koldysheva, Cand. Sc. (Geology), the Joint Stock Company «Russian Research Institute of Geology of Foreign Countries» (JSC «VNIIZARUBEZGEOLOGIA»),

M.S.Golitsyn, Cand. Sc. (Geology), the head of the division, the Russian Research Institute for Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology (FGUP «VSEGINGEO»)

Modern world, national and domestic demands on the quality of potable water are vary widely in quantity and concentration of many components. There were reviewed general problems of evaluation and regulation of potable water quality; main features and differences of surface and underground sources of potable water; hydrochemical provinces of underground potable water; analysis of major regulations on international and national standards; advanced requirements for quality assessment of potable water in Russia.

Keywords: ground water, potable water, water quality, maximum allowable concentration (MAC) for water quality, regulations, modern requirements, problems of quality assessment of potable water.

Water Resources

THE QUESTIONS CONNECTED WITH SETTING OF ENVIRONMEMTAL NORMS IN BAIKAL REGION

D. C. Tsibudeeva, the deputy head of the division, V. Molotov. The Head, the Department of Water Resources of Lake Baikal (Baikalvodresursy), the Federal Agency of Water Resources

This article describes the questions connected with setting of environmental norms in Baikal region.

Keywords: ecological rationing, quality specifications, specifications of admissible influence on water objects, specifications of admissible dumps of substances and microorganisms in water objects, water use, lake Baikal.

Land Resources

PLACE AND ROLE OF SOIL IN BIOSPHERE AND LIFE OF PEOPLE

G.V. Dobrovolsky, the Academician, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Director, the Institute of Ecological Soil Science, the Moscow State University

In article the problem and analytical material on global (biospheric) and ecosystem (biogenocenotic) functions pedosphere – a soil Earth’s mantle – is presented. The place and role of soil in biosphere, problems of mutual relation of a man and soil are shown.

Keywords: soils, pedosphere, biosphere, value of soils, ecosystem functions of soils, global functions of soils, degradation of soils.

Forest Resources

GLOBAL COMPETITION FOR WOODS AND THE EARTH

V. V. Strakhov, Dr. Sc. (Agricul.), the deputy head, the International Forestry Division, the AllRussian Research Institute for Forestry and Mechanization (VNIILM), the Federal Forestry Agency,

The article reflected results of analysis of the mainstream questions of human population survival: degradation of forest area and decrease of land resources for food production. The statistics for global overview, produced by the organizations of United Nation system (FAO, etc.) are used. During analysis there has been examined relationships between recent trends of land use and cover changes, agriculture and forestry, hunger and human population growth. Inside of outputs of this article has shown the trend of competition for lands between agriculture, forestry and public demand on forest production. In particular has been shown trends of food allowance, follow up to economic growth operate the forest area reduction of the World.

Key words: human population growth, global role of forests, competition between agriculture and forestry for lands, livestock sector, biofuel production, Russian forest industry modernization, investments.

Biological Resources

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND REGULATION RIVER FLOW ON VEGETATION DYNAMICS OF RIVER VALLEYS

Zh.V. Kuz’mina, Dr. Sc. (Engin.), V.M. Feodoritov, postgraduate student, the Water Problems Institute,

T.Yu. Karimova, Can. Sc. (Geogr.), the Institute of Ecology and Evolution, the Russian Academy of Sciences,

S.Ye. Treshkin, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

The main trends in vegetation due to climatic and anthropogenic (hydraulic action) changes are identified in river valleys of the southern taiga, deciduous forests and steppe. The results obtained on the basis of longterm field studies, analysis of longterm changes in meteorological characteristics (average, maximum and minimum temperatures and precipitation in different seasons and years) and identify the consequences display of a hydraulic impact in the landscapes.

Key words: air temperatures, sum of precipitation, climatic changes, floodplain ecosystems, vegetation dynamics.

Climatic Resources

FEATURES OF THE ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION IN TERRITORY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR 2010

Data longterm changes of an atmospheric precipitation in territory of the Russian Federation within the Report on features of a climate in territory of the Russian Federation for 2010, prepared scientific and research establishments and Department of scientific programs, the international cooperation and information resources, the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, is presented.

Keywords: an atmospheric precipitation, annual and seasonal anomalies, spatial distribution, long term changes, an estimation of trends.

Recreational Resources

ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES IN THE STATISTICS MIRROR

The statistical materials characterizing especially protected natural territories in the Russian Federation and separate countries of the world, first of all in the USA, are presented.

Keywords: especially protected natural territories, the state natural reserves, national parks.

Environment Protection

STATISTICAL STUDYING OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXPENDITURES: FROM THE BEGINNING TO A CURRENT SITUATION (Continuation. The beginning in bulletin, № 3, 2011)

A. D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), National Information Agency «Natural Resources»

Article is devoted the analysis of formation and development of statistical studying of environmental protection expenditures in Russia, the USA and the European Union. The situation of the current period is characterised. Major stages of genesis of considered statistics, positive and negative sides are short described. The special attention is given a problem of introduction of the System of Environment and Economic Accounting, other tools of macrostatistical studying of nature protection activity.

Keywords: environmental protection expenditures, capital investments, operational expenditures, national accounts, System of Environment and Economic Accounting, accounts of environmental protection expenditures

Geodesy and Cartography

THE GEOGRAPHIC DENOTATION OF THE INDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY

H. A. Kravets, Cand. Sc. (Engin.),the Dosent, the Applied Ecology Cathedra, the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography

This paper analyses the geographic denotation of the environmental management efficiency characteristics. Application problems of the indicators in view of distinctive specificity in obtaining the initial information for calculations are recognized. Incomplete representativeness of environmental data in relation to the listed objects of protection in accordance with legislation is revealed.

Key words: geographic denotation, indicators, characteristics, objects of protections, regulations

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Anniversaries

TO THE 65TH ANNIVERSARY OF N.S. KASIMOV, THE ACADEMICIAN, THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

International Cooperation,/b>

JOINT RUSSIANCHINESE MONITORING OF QUALITY OF AMUR WATERS AS PLEDGE OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE RIVER

V.V.Bardjuk, the Chairman, the Committee on Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Khabarovsk Region

Materials on development of the system of joint RussianChinese ecological monitoring of transboundary waters (the river Amur), both on regional, and on federal levels are presented.

Keywords: ecological monitoring, quality of water, the river Amur joint monitoring, the international cooperation.

Nature and Human Society

ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS IN RUSSIA

Poll of the fund «FOMnibus» on april, 23rd, 2011 – 100 settlements, 43 subjects of the russian federation, 1500 respondents (brief results)

Calendar of Events

THE INTERNATIONAL, ALLRUSSIA BOTH REGIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MEETING, CONFERENCES, SYMPOSIUMS, CONGRESSES, SEMINARS, SCHOOLS AND EXHIBITIONS OF NATURE RESOURCES AND NATURE PROTECTION ORIENTATION

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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