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2011 / 1

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

RESULTS OF WORK OF THE ROSPRIRODNADZOR IN 2010 AND PRIORITY PROBLEMS FOR 2011

V.V.Kirillov, the Head, the Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service (Rosprirodnadzor)

There is the report of the Head of the Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service, V.V.Kirilov (on January, 21st, 2011, Moscow). This report has been done at the expanded meeting by results of activity of the territorial bodies, subordinated organizations and central office in 2010 and to priority problems of the state control and supervision in sphere of natural resources management and environmental protection for 2011.

Keywords: the state control and supervision, natural resources management, environmental protection, ecological control.

Mineral Resources

MODERN REQUIREMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF UNDERGROUND POTABLE WATER IN RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES

R.Y. Koldysheva, Cand. Sc. (Geology), the Joint Stock Company «Russian Research Institute of Geology of Foreign Countries» (JSC «VNIIZARUBEZGEOLOGIA»),

M.S.Golitsyn, Cand. Sc., the head of division, the Russian Research Institute for Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology (FGUP «VSEGINGEO»)

Modern world, national and domestic demands on the quality of potable water are vary widely in quantity and concentration of many components. There were reviewed general problems of evaluation and regulation of potable water quality; main features and differences of surface and underground sources of potable water; hydrochemical provinces of underground potable water; analysis of major regulations on international and national standards; advanced requirements for quality assessment of potable water in Russia.

Keywords: ground water, potable water, water quality, maximum allowable concentration (MAC) for water quality, regulations, modern requirements, problems of quality assessment of potable water.

Water Resources

TRADE IN WATER CAPACIOUS PRODUCTION AS SET OF MARKET TRANSACTIONS WITH WATER RESOURCES

M. Ya. Lemeshev, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Economy), the Moscow State Institute of Management,

А. А. Maksimov, engineerhydrotechnician, foreign affairs economist, the Honored meteorologist of the Russian Federation,

B. S. Maslov, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Academician, the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS), the Honored worker of a science and techniques of the Russian Federation

(The continuation. The beginning in bulletin, № 6, 2010)

PERFECTION OF MANAGEMENT METHODS BY WATERRESOURCE SYSTEM IN THE CONDITIONS OF LOWERED WATER STOCK (WATER FLOW)

V.I.Klyopov, Cand. Sc. (Engin.), the Institute of Water Problems, the Russian Academy of Sciences

The river drain which serves as the basic supplier of fresh potable water, is distributed extremely nonuniformly both on land territory, and in an annual cycle. Intraannual nonuniformity of a drain is eliminated, as it is known, by its regulation by means of water basins, spatial nonuniformity can be leveled, in particular, association of separate water basins in systems. It allows to increase return of natural water currents and, at the same time, to raise security (reliability) of such return.

Keywords: a river drain, water delivery, a water basin, waterresource system (WRS), size and security of the guaranteed water return.

Land Resources

INNOVATIVE PRIORITIES IN DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEMS OF AGRICULTURE AND LAND IMPROVEMENT IN RUSSIA

A. L. Ivanov, the Academician, the VicePresident, the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS) There is the report of VicePresident of the RAAS (Rosselhozakademiay), the Academician A.L.Ivanov, at the general year accounting meeting of Branches of land improvement, water and a forestry and agriculture on priorities of the is innovativefocused development of agrarian and industrial complex of Russia (February 16, 2011).

Keywords: innovations, agriculture, land improvement, protection of soils, adaptivelandscape systems of agriculture, forestry.

Forest Resources

THE FOREST SOCIETY OF RUSSIA

N. A. Yakovleva, FGU «Russian Museum of Forest»

In article the information by an anniversary of the Forest societies of Russia – to the 140 anniversary of the basis of the St.Petersburg forest society and the 20 anniversary of the Russian society of forestry specialists is presented.

Keywords: a forestry, a forest (wood) society, the Russian society of forestry specialists, history and society activity.

Water Biological Resources

DEVELOPMENT OF FISHERY AND AQUACULTURE IN THE CONDITIONS OF ENVIRONMENT CHANGE

A.A.Kurmazov, Cand. Sc. (Economy), FSUE «Pacific Scientific Research Centre» («TINROCentre»)

According to the forecast in near future the demand on the fish products will exceed supply. The new fish resources and its complete processing technologies are requested. The fisheries and aquaculture development are dependent on the environmental conditions. In East Asia the problems of fisheries and the environment are very keen and serious. Many countries of the region should resolve it on the base of close international cooperation.

Key words: fisheries, aquaculture, fishery resources, environment, environmental change.

Climatic Resources

ABOUT THE FEDERAL HYDROMETEREOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SERVICE ACTIVITY IN 2010 AND PROBLEMS FOR 2011

A.V.Frolov, the Head, the Federal Hydrometereology and Environmental Monitoring Service (Rosgidromet)

There is the report of the Head of Roshydromet, A.V.Frolov at the expanded session of board of Federal Hydrometereology and Environmental Monitoring Service and Executive committee of the Central Committee of the AllRussian Trade Union of Aviation Workers (February 9, 2011, Moscow) on which have been summed up activity of Hydrometservice (Gidrometsluzhba) of Russia for 2010 and are defined prospects of its further development.

Keywords: the hydrometeorological forecasts, the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena, an observant network, monitoring of environmental pollution, research activity, international cooperation.

Recreational Resources

ON REACTIVATION OF NATURE CONSERVATION COMMISSION OF THE RUSSIAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY

A.A.Chibilyov, the VicePresident, the Russian Geographical Society, the MemberCorrespondent, the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Geogr.)

In December 2010, St.Petersburg hosted the 14th Congress of the Russian Geographical Society. The congress was opened by the RGS Chairman Board of Trustees, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. In his address speech to Congress he said about the restoration of nature protection efforts by the RGS Standing Nature Conservation Commission established in 1912. The proposed paper contains a brief description of plenary report on this issue by the author.

Keywords: nature conservation commission, landscape, heritage, reserves, tourism, recreational resources.

Environment Protection

STATISTICAL STUDYING OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXPENDITURES: FROM THE BEGINNING TO A CURRENT SITUATION

A.D. Dumnov, Dr. Sc. (Economy), National Information Agency «Natural Resources»

Article is devoted the analysis of formation and development of statistical studying of environmental protection expenditures in Russia, the USA and the European Union. The situation of the current period is characterised. Major stages of genesis of considered statistics, positive and negative sides are short described. The special attention is given a problem of introduction of the System of Environment and Economic Accounting, other tools of macrostatistical studying of nature protection activity.

Keywords: environmental protection expenditures, capital investments, operational expenditures, national accounts, System of Environment and Economic Accounting, accounts of environmental protection expenditures

Problems of Oil Spill Prevention and response

S. Rybakov, Dr. Sc. (Geology), the Director, the Nonprofit Partnership «Environmental Centre for Fuel and Energy Complex»

The paper addresses the problem of oil spills in the fuel and energy complex of Russia as a source of constant pollution of the environment and life support systems of the population. Statistics and concrete examples of oil spills are given in article. The current system of state regulation on the oil spills prevention and response is evaluated. There is given too an assessment of the planned changes in the regulatory legal acts provides in order to improve the effectiveness of such regulation.

Keywords: oil spill, emergency situations, technology of oil spills prevention and response, planning regulations and implementation measures for the oil spills prevention and response, legislation.

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal

In the Government

ANNIVERSARIES

ACADEMICIAN ALEXANDER LEONIDOVICH YANSHIN: STROKES TO THE PORTRAIT. TO THE 100 ANNIVERSARY FROM THE DATE OF THE BIRTH

V. S. Chesnokov, Cand. Sc. (Economy), the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, the Russian Academy of Sciences

In this article the resulted data about a course of life of A. L. Yanshin its fundamental achievements in the field of geology, geography, contribution to cultural heritage and environmental protection is shown.

Keywords: anniversary, the scientific, a science, geology, geography, minerals, culture, the power, protection of nature.

HUMAN SOCIETY AND NATURE

International Cooperation

SCIENTIFICAL AND METHODICAL SUPPORT OF WATER USE IMPROVEMENT IN THE BASIN OF TRANSBOUNDARY SELENGA RIVER

V.S. Molotov, the Head, the Department of Water Resources of Lake Baikal (Baikalvodresursy), the Federal Agency of Water Resources,

B.O. Gomboev, Dr. Sc. (Geogr.), the Deputy Director, D.Ts.D. Zhamyanov, the Baikal Institute of Nature Use and Management, the Siberian Branch, the Russian Academy of Sciences

Water use in the basin of transboundary Selenga river not only on the Mongolian territory but also in the Russian part of the basin is described in the article. The problems of water use in the basin are studied, the main sources of negative influence are showed and the basic directions of improvement of water use in the Selenga river basin are suggested in the article.

Key words: water use, improvement of water use, transboundary river, Selenga river basin.

Bookshelf

Calendar of Events

The international, AllRussia both regional scientific and technical meetings, conferences, symposiums, congresses, seminars, schools and exhibitions of nature resources and nature protection orientation

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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