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2010 / 1

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

ABOUT STRATEGY OF THE HUMAN CIVILIZATION DEVELOPMENT (The termination. The beginning in № 6, 2009)

N.N. Lukyanchikov, Prof. – Dr. Sc. (Economy), Academician, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), the Chairman, the Section of Economy of Nature Management, Free Economic Society

Еmail: ecos@viems.ru

«We live in the interconnected, diverse, inconsistent and fragile world which has entered a critical stage of the historical development». The modern world under the influence of global threats and calls moves to global accident. To prevent it is possible only together, on the basis of the coordinated actions of all world community. All states of the world have to operate as a uniform reasonable organism within the limits of the general Strategy of development of a human civilization. Working out of such strategy is extremely necessary under the guidance of the United Nations.

Keywords: natural resources, limitation of natural resources, environment degradation, new ideology of development of a society, morallyethical values, planetary idea

Mineral Resources

LOOKAHEAD RESOURCES, STOCKS, EXTRACTION AND QUALITY OF UNDERGROUND WATERS ON FEDERAL DISTRICTS AND THE BASIC RIVER POOLS OF RUSSIA (The continuation. The beginning in № 6, 2009)

S.L. Pugach, Cand. Sc. (Geology), Chief of Division,

S.V.Spektor, Cand. Sc. (Geology), Director of Center, FGUP «Gidrospecgeologia»

Email: info@geomonitoring.ru

Underground waters are one of sources of water supply and one of the major mineral resources. In the conditions of accruing deterioration of a surface water fresh underground waters are quite often unique source of maintenance of the population the quality potable water, protected from pollution. The satisfaction of current and perspective requirements of the population of Russia in qualitative potable water gets the increasing social and economic value.

Keywords: underground waters, resources and stocks of underground waters, use of underground waters for various needs, an exhaustion of deposits of underground waters, pollution of underground waters, protection of underground waters

Water Resources

DEFICIENCY OF RETURN OF WATERRESOURCE SYSTEM IN EXTREMAL CONDITIONS: DEFINITION

V.I. Klepov, Cand. Sc. (Engin.), Senior Researcher, the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Water Problems

Еmail: viklepov@rambler.ru

It is known that the river flow has a number of features, is its constant variability over time. Research has shown that along with regular changes caused by the alternation of the seasons, there are occasional fluctuations in flow, differing from each other, various years and do not fit into the framework of the annual cycle. These fluctuations, due to multiple reasons for their generators, are incidental in nature, and cause a fixed level of water consumption of water scarcity. Under the fixed level of water consumption usually means a guaranteed return of waterresource systems.

Keywords: river runoff, water supply, reservoir, waterresource system (WRS), the quantity and guarantee water loss.

Land Resources

THE BASIC RESULTS OF SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS ACTIVITY IN 2009: THE BRANCH OF LAND IMPROVEMENT, WATER AND THE FORESTRY THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (RAAS)

The report of I. P. Svintsov (Academician, the Scientific Secretary of the Branch) at the general year meeting of Branch of Land Improvement, Water and a Forestry, the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS), on February, 18th, 2010

Forest Resources

THE INTRODUCTION HERITAGE OF THE VALAAM MONASTERY

E. N. Nazarov, postgraduate student,

O. I. Antonov, Cand. Sc. (Agricul.), Chief of Laboratory, Scientific and Research Institute of Forestry, St.Petersburg

Email: nazarowaelena@yandex.ru

Valaam is the interesting monastery forestry and introduction of trees memorial. The plantings of larch, oak, Siberian pine, fir and other species are valuable scientific objects. The generalization of inventory dates has shown dynamics of planting state throughout 150 years. The new valuable objects made known. Monastery plantings perspectives have been estimated.

Keywords: introduction, monastery forestry, planting state.

Biological Resources of a Land

CHANGE OF DEER FORAGES STOCKS IN PINE WOODS AS A RESULT OF CARRYING OUT OF IMPRUVMENT CUTTING

P.A. Geshtovt, the assistant, Chair of Hunting Science, Belarus State Technological University, Minsk, Belarus

Еmail: heshtaut@mail.ru

Research of influence of improvement cutting in pine woods on forages stocks for an elk, deer, etcetera, and influences of that cutting on concentration of the given animals in the hunting grounds is resulted. Keywords: the hunting economy, biotechnical actions, forages for the hunting animals, an elk, deer, improvement cutting.

Water Biological Resources

SYMBIOSIS OF THE MOST VALUABLE OBJECTS OF THE FAUNA OF RUSSIA: HOW PARASITE PEARL MUSSEL ENHANCES THE VIABILITY OF HIS HOST ATLANTIC SALMON

V.V. Ziuganov, Leading Research Worker, Sc. Dr. N.K. Koltzov, Institute of Developmental Biology the Russion Academy of Sciences (IDB RAS), Moscow

A unique case is analyzed when the accelerated senescence program in salmon can be canceled by larval parasite of gills – freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera. As a result, the maximum age of Salmo fishes hosting the mussel can be as high as 13 years. The mollusk – fish interactions are discussed.

Keywords: pearl mussel, salmon, glochidium, senescence, gill parasite

Climatic Resources

RESULTS OF ACTIVITY OF FEDERAL HYDROMETEREOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SERVICE IN 2009 AND PROBLEMS FOR 2010

The report of A.V. Frolov, The Provisional Head of the Federal Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring Service at the session of expanded colleague of the Agency and the Executive committee of the Central Committee of the AllRussian Trade Union of Aviation Workers (on February, 10th, 2010).

Recreational Resources

PROSPECTS OF THE DIVERSIFICATION OF ECONOMY OF REGIONS OF SIBERIA AND THE FAR EAST ON THE BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL (ECOLOGICAL) TOURISM

A. V. Shevchyuk, Dr. Sc. (Economy)., Deputy Chairman, Council for Study of Productive Forces of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow,

I. P. Monich, the Chita State University

Email: avs@sops.ru

In article prospects of tourism development, as one of directions of a diversification of economy of Siberia and Far East regions are considered. This development in many respects depends on use of naturalresource potential of territories. There are estimation of dynamics of tourism taking into account influence of transboundary aspects is spent, questions of development of internal, ecological tourism as the factor of preservation of resource potential and rational wildlife management.

Keywords: rational use of natural resources, tourism, transboundary interaction, especially protected natural territories.

Environment Protection

PROSECUTION SERVICE’S ROLE IN THE PROTECTION OF THE CITIZENS’ RIGHTS IN THE SPHERE OF ENVIRONMENT

N.V. Suslova, Senior Researcher, D.G. Dobretsov, Senior Researcher, the Section on Prosecutor’s Supervision and Legality Reinforcement in the Sphere of Ecology, the Research Institute in the Academy of the R.F. General Prosecutor’s Office

Еmail: denisdobretsov@mail.ru

Considering a global character of environmental problems, the uniqueness of nature resources’ abundance and the fact that the issues of possession, usage and disposal of all natural resources are in the hands of joint tenants – the Russian Federation and the subjects of the Russian Federation – the activity of the prosecution service is directly linked with the protection of the constitutional regime of the country.

Keywords: prosecutorial supervision, protection of the constitutional regime, environmental rights of the citizens.

Geodesy and Cartography

MODERN GEOINFORMATICS IN SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE GEODESY AND THE CARTOGRAPHY ORGANIZED ON THE CANON (LAW) OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY (The termination. The beginning in №№ 5 and 6, 2009)

E. A. Zhalkovsky, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: e.jalkovsky@gcras.ru

The offered material reflects gnoseological sight at origin, genesis, a current situation and prospects of development of a geodesy as sciences from philosophical and historical positions. Communication of the given science in the general system of knowledge, including from positions Aristotel categories and later groupings is considered. Historical aspects are in detail stated; examples of the most significant geodesic workings out, including in the Middle Ages, are resulted. The major problems of a modern geodesy and cartography are simultaneously in detail opened, the primary goals and directions of researches are formulated

Keywords: natural philosophy (physiophilosophy), scientific knowledge, scientific categories, a geodesy as a science, a geodesic and cartographical historiography, modern geodetic researches, geosatellite technology

AUTHORIETIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

International Cooperation

INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

Human Society and Nature

POWER SAVINGS PROBLEMS IN PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS

Calendar of Events International Cooperation

Bookshelf

THE NATIONAL ATLAS OF RUSSIA AS THE FUNDAMENTAL CARTOGRAPHICAL EDITION OF THE BEGINING OF THE XXI CENTURY

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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