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2009 / 6

Вид издания:  Сборник статей

NATURE

General Problems of Nature Management

ABOUT STRATEGY OF THE HUMAN CIVILIZATION DEVELOPMENT

N.N. Lukyanchikov, Prof. – Dr. Sc. (Economy), Academician, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RAEN), the Chairman, the Section of Economy of Nature Management, Free Economic Society

Еmail: ecos@viems.ru

«We live in the interconnected, diverse, inconsistent and fragile world which has entered a critical stage of the historical development». The modern world under the influence of global threats and calls moves to global accident. To prevent it is possible only together, on the basis of the coordinated actions of all world community. All states of the world have to operate as a uniform reasonable organism within the limits of the general Strategy of development of a human civilization. Working out of such strategy is extremely necessary under the guidance of the United Nations.

Keywords: natural resources, limitation of natural resources, environment degradation, new ideology of development of a society, morallyethical values, planetary idea

Mineral Resources

LOOKAHEAD RESOURCES, STOCKS, EXTRACTION AND QUALITY OF UNDERGROUND WATERS ON FEDERAL DISTRICTS AND THE BASIC RIVER POOLS OF RUSSIA

S.L. Pugach, Cand. Sc. (Geology), Chief of Division,

S.V.Spektor, Cand. Sc. (Geology), Director of Center, FGUP “Gidrospecgeologia”

Email: info@geomonitoring.ru

Underground waters are one of sources of water supply and one of the major mineral resources. In the conditions of accruing deterioration of a surface water fresh underground waters are quite often unique source of maintenance of the population the quality potable water, protected from pollution. The satisfaction of current and perspective requirements of the population of Russia in qualitative potable water gets the increasing social and economic value.

Keywords: underground waters, resources and stocks of underground waters, use of underground waters for various needs, an exhaustion of deposits of underground waters, pollution of underground waters, protection of underground waters

Water Resources

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR THE DECISION OF THE ACTUAL PROBLEMS CONNECTED WITH WATER

M.V. Seliverstova, the Head of Federal Agency of Water Resources (Rosvodresursy)

Email: admin@cbimpr.gov.ru

In 2003 the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization named the period 2005 – 2015 International decade of actions on preservation of waters («Water for a life»), having designated the purpose of this decade development of the international cooperation for the decision of the actual problems connected with water. The international practice of use of the transboundary water objects, based on sustainable development principles, assumes the coordinated actions of the states of pools of transboundary water. It needs active works in questions of conducting water economic politic, use and protection of the water objects, regulated by the international contracts and agreements.

Keywords: transboundary water objects, protection of water resources, the joint international policy, twoand multilateral agreements, information interchange

PROBLEMS OF THE WATER ECONOMIC COMPLEX OF RUSSIA

P.A. Poladzade, the President of Open Society “Vodstroy”

Email: imorozova@vodstroi.ru

The world community began to give more and more attention to water problems. Unfortunately, to these problems have paid attention only when it became clear that third of population of a planet has no access to pure water, suitable for drink. It is even more people in the different countries suffers from hunger: in these regions there is no the water necessary for cultivation of agricultural production, the foodstuffs. This factor became one of the main reasons of processes of migration which have got out of hand and deliver many efforts, generate many problems in socalled «the developed countries». For many it has appeared unexpectedness that Russia has faced the same problems also.

Keywords: fresh water resources, the international water law, transboundary water objects, pollution of water resources, rational use of water

Land Resources

ROLE RUSSIAN SCINTIFIC AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING AND LAND IMPOVEMENT (VNIIGM) IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MELIORATIVE SCIENCE

B.M. Kizjaev, Academician, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (RAAS), Director, VNIIGM

Email: mivh@mail.ru

VNIIGM executed 85 years. Throughout many decades the Institute heads the meliorative science of the country. In this Institute now work the largest scientists in the field of land improvement, hydraulic engineering and a water management. The history of Institute and history of development of land improvement in Russia are connected closely. The institute has been created on the basis of the Hydromodular part of the Ground attitude division (Central administrative board of land management and agriculture of the Russian Empire). The first name – the State Institute of Agricultural meliorations; the head – Alexey Nikolaevich Kostjakov.

Keywords: meliorative sciences, visible scientists in the field of land improvement, Institute achievements, modern problems of land improvement, hydraulic engineering and a water management, work of the Institute in modern conditions

Forest Resources

ABOUT THE PROPERTY ON THE WOOD PREPARED (CUTTING) IN THE STATE FORESTS

A.I. Pisarenko, Academician, the Russian Academy of Agriculture Sciences (RAAS),

V.V. Strahov, Dr. Sc. (Agricul.),

A .A. Krajnev, Cand. Sc. (Economy)

Email: strakhov48@mail.ru

In to become considered some problems which arisen last years before a forestry and have become aggravated in the conditions of an economic crisis. One of the basic questions is definitions of a pattern of ownership and the proprietor in relation to forest resources and the prepared (cutting) wood at various stages forest activity (forestry) and use of forest resources, including wood preparation (cutting). The developed analysis of positions of the forest legislation of the country is given; specific proposals are formulated.

Keywords: forest resources, forestry, the forestry legislation, proprietors of forest resources and wood, the state account of wood resources and wood preparation, the registration documentation

Biological Resources of a Land

THE MIDDLE TAIGA PLANT COVER STRUCTURE CHANGES OF THE RUSSIA EUROPEAN NORTH REGIONS IN THE XX CENTURE END

G.M. Chernogaeva, Prof. Dr. Sc. (Geogr.), Deputy Director,

A. P. Bezdelova,

A. E. Kuhta, Cand. Sc. (Biology) – the Chief of postgraduate study, Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, the Federal Service of the Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: gmch@igce.ru

Due to significant anthropogenic basic vegetation violation the plant cover changes can be clearly seen on the macro relief level, where the associations form full ecological ranges from basin divide to river valley. The plant society structure reflects the vegetation tolerance to anthropogenic effects and global climate changes.

Keywords: forest of the European north of Russia, secondary forest, landscape researches, tree species, kinds of forest

Water biological resources

DEVELOPMENT OF AQUACULTURE IN RUSSIA AND CORRECTION OF IMPORT DUTIES ON THE EQUIPMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL FISHING

J.A. Bobylov., Cand. Sc. (Economy), the expert of a foreign trade policy in fishing

Email: msk_2008@mail.ru

This article includes the data about world development of fishery and fish culture, fishing cited hardware in the field of commodity fishing. There is no manufacturing in Russia of many kinds of the specialized equipment. It is necessary to expansive of its import and corrections of import duties.

Keywords: world fishing, aquaculture, fish culture in Russia, industrial technologies, equipment import, customs duties, protectionism

Recreational resources

RESERVATION “SENGILEJ MOUNTAINS” AS INTERMEDIATE STAGE TO CRIATION NATIONAL PARK: PRESENT СONDITION, PROBLEMS AND SOLUTION

Е.А. Artemyeva, Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University of I.N. Ulyanov,

М.А. Korolkov, Department of Natural Using and Environment Protection of Ulyanovsk area, Areal Children Ecological Center

Email: hart5590@gmail.com

The results of relict steppes and foreststeppes researching are represented in the floristic and faunistic variety. There revealed new, rare and disappearing species, which are recommended to the including into the Red Data Books of Russia and Ulyanovsk area; speciesmarkers of cenoses; SPNT (Special Protected Natural Territories) – reservation “Sengilej mountains” are represented too. This reservation is intermediate stage to creation national park.

Keywords: landscape reservation, national park, biodiversity, biota, floristic and faunistic variety, cenoses, monitoring, Special Protected Natural Territories, Red Data Books of Russia.

Preservation of the environment

ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE USE OF HUNTING RESOURCES IN RUSSIA

V.G. Safonov, Corresponding Member of RAAS, Chief Scientific Worker of Russian Research Institute of Game Management and Fur Farming, Kirov,

Email: safonov.vniioz@mail.ru

Sustainable management of hunting grounds in Russia depends on choosing the trends of its development that should be in agreement with a presentday ecological paradigm of nature management. Adaptive forms of hunting ground management in regions with a different level of the impact of man on the environment are justified economically and ecologically.

Keywords: Keywords: the hunting resources, the hunting economy, steady (sustainable) use, the ecological paradigm of wildlife management.

Geodesy and cartography

MODERN GEOINFORMATICS IN SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE GEODESY AND THE CARTOGRAPHY ORGANIZED ON THE CANON (LAW) OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY

E. A. Zhalkovsky, Prof.Dr. Sc. (Engin.), the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: e.jalkovsky@gcras.ru

The offered material reflects gnoseological sight at origin, genesis, a current situation and prospects of development of a geodesy as sciences from philosophical and historical positions. Communication of the given science in the general system of knowledge, including from positions Aristotel categories and later groupings is considered. Historical aspects are in detail stated; examples of the most significant geodesic workings out, including in the Middle Ages, are resulted. The major problems of a modern geodesy and cartography are simultaneously in detail opened, the primary goals and directions of researches are formulated

Keywords: natural philosophy (physiophilosophy), scientific knowledge, scientific categories, a geodesy as a science, a geodesic and cartographical historiography, modern geodetic researches, geosatellite technology

AUTHORITIES AND NATURE

In the Presidential Administration

In the Federal Assembly

In the Government

NATURE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

Regional Events

TRANSFORMATIONS OF AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX IN THE ALTAI TERRITORY IN POSTSOVIET PERIOD

B.N. Luzgin, Prof .Dr. Sc., Geographical Faculty of the Altay State University, Barnaul

Email: luzgin@geo.asu.ru

Character of agricultural lands infrastructural changes in the Altay Territory for last 20 years during various reforming of plant growing and livestock farming are revealed and analyzed. A substantiated conclusion about necessity of long, regular “draft” work on normalization of an effective agricultural production in the region is made.

Keywords: dynamics of change of an agricultural production, restructure of farmlands, cattlebreeding problems, the condition of ecosystems, alternative and integration management (use) of natural resources

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS NEOINFORMATIONAL PHENOMENA

P. I. Munin, Cand. Sc. (Engin.), Moscow State Academy of Business Administration,

I. A. Sosunova, Dr. Sc. (Sociol.), Deputy Rector, International Independent University of Environmental and Political Sciences

Email: sosunova@mnepu.ru

The article is devoted to the issues of sustainable development as neoinformational phenomena in contemporary society and its coherence with demographical foundations of society. The definition “neobit” which is necessary for the institualization of ecosociology is introduced here. The relevant estimations are presented.

Keywords: sustainable development, neoinformation phenomena, demography, ecosociology, neobit

Бюллетень «Использование и охрана природных ресурсов в России»

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